Posts Tagged ‘ Work & Study in Canada-Summer ’

Where Are jobs available in Canada?

There are many ways to look for a job in the Canada, we have listed the most relevant below.

Finding a job

Internet: Over the last decade the online job market has exploded into the mainstream and in the  Canada it is now the most popular way to apply for work, especially among younger people and graduates. Online recruitment websites allow you to search according to your criteria, such as sector, salary and region. You can also post your CV on websites so that companies looking for specific skills can find you.

Newspapers & Magazines: Broadsheets such as Toronto Star, Globe and Mail, Toronto Sun, etc all have job offers, mainly for executives and professionals, as well as sections dedicated to specific professions, i.e. teaching, computers, media. In Ontario, check out the Toronto Sun (mainly for business and secretarial positions), Metro and  www.poss.ca  for lower level jobs.

Recruitment agencies: Most agencies specialize in a particular field such as computers, nursing, secretarial work, accounting, catering, construction, and so on. There are also “Head hunting” agencies which are hired by big companies to recruit executives, managers or professionals. Others deal solely with temporary staff (temps), and can find you work in an office or as a babysitter, cook, gardener, security guard or any other type of job. To find an agency you can either look in the “employment agencies” section of the yellow pages or go to xxxx  for a list of agencies and their specialist fields.

Career fairs: A good place to get started is to visit a career fair. Fairs usually have a range of employers and concentrate on a specific sector. Usually you apply by sending in your CV and employers decide who they want to meet in advance. As well as getting general information on employment perspectives in different companies, it is often possible to arrange interviews.

Speculative applications: If a specific company is of interest you can send a speculative application. Applications are retained and checked against positions as they become available in some companies.

Chambers of Commerce: Contact the local chamber of commerce of your home country in the  Canada, as they are often asked for candidates and sometimes have a database of open job positions. Often a chamber of commerce will have a list of companies from your home country doing business in the  Canada, which can make good targets for speculative applications.

Jobcentres: They can be found in every town and focus mainly in jobs for the non-professional. They usually have databases of local, national and European vacancies and know about local employers and their needs. Their advisers can help you with all aspects of finding work. They normally have newspapers, books, leaflets and Internet access to support you in your job search

Networking: Sometimes getting a job is about knowing the right people or being in the right place at the right time. You could join an expats club or attend social gatherings where you think you could meet people that are well connected. Just mingle as much as you can and make sure you let everybody know you are looking for employment.

 

For up-to-date tips on CVs, job applications and interviews, visit our link on foreign national employment, You may also find useful information on your  Canada job search on our link  for  foreign national recruiters and international HR professionals profiles.

How to Get job in while out of canada Part II

Let’s say that you just arrived in Canada. Most people come to  Canada without knowing where to search for work.
In this short article I’ll provide few tips from my own client’s experience, even though he lives in  Canada only for 8 months, he consider himself  as a “professional Job seeker”.

There’s few things that you should have with you most of the time:

  • – Passport – They will ask you for it when you will try to open a Bank account and at any recruitment agency, and when you will want to rent a room/ apartment,
  • – Driving License – If you have one, maybe you don’t realize, but if you come from any US or any country that is a member of European Union your driving license is valid in  Canada, and for about $$+ you can exchange your driving license to a  Canada one – really useful in getting a job,
  • Social Insurance or SIN Card – When you first arrive to  Canada you won’t have Canadian SIN, but once you get it, memorize or carry the card with you at all times,
  • RESUME or  CV – Essential for getting a better job then manual one, and in some agencies they will ask for a CV whether you look for an office work or for a manual one. Get one great services here

Recruitment Agencies and such

Not many people realize that  Canada is a great place to find a job! It really is. You have not only Recruitment Agencies, but also government-sponsored companies that will help you with your CV (I’ll provide a good CV example in other article), with confidence during an interview, and that will advice you where to look for a job suitable for you.

Unemployment in  Canada exist only because of  some English teenagers who are too lazy to work and rather have two kids and live with parents and claim welfare or social assistance  then study or get a better job. I see it every day, 15 year old girls with a child or two and a young dude who isn’t even sure if it’s his kid. (Sorry for off topic)

As soon as you get to the place in  Canada where you would like to live sign up in every recruitment agency and remember that keeping good relationships with people who work there is essential for getting a job, because only from those people it depends whether they get you a job or no.

Call them often!

When you work for a Temp Agency, then sometimes they will have nothing for you, that’s why it’s best to sign up to few of them. But when you are without a job call them, once a day, just asking if there is ANYTHING you could do, they won’t mind, they are used to it, so you better get used to it too.

Of course, there are downsides of getting a job through Recruitment Agency. An agency earns money each hour that you work. They “sell” your work to a company that they cooperate with, so that company, pays let’s say 11$ per hour of your work, but you get only 9$, the  2$left goes to recruitment agency. It’s a good place to find first job, just to make some money for living, so you don’t die of hunger, but in a bigger perspective it’s best to find a job through Job Centre or Friday-Ad or any newspaper that posts job offers.

Keep improving!

In your town, even if it’s small, there has to be a library, there usually you will be able to find out about free courses. Maybe there’s Learn4Life, maybe something else, but there has to be something that will provide you with free improving your skills.
It’s very important to show your employer that your skills and personal development are essential for you and that you are willing to invest energy to learn new stuff.

Most people come to  Canada with some education and some skills and just stay same, get any job and generally stop improving. The key to a real success is to keep improving, learning new stuff, not to be stagnant.

More on this topic in few days when I gather more info and get used to my new job.

If you have an offer of temporary employment, you may be entitled to a Canada Temporary Work Permit. With a Work Permit, you could be in Canada in a matter of weeks to months. A work permit lets you work in Canada temporarily. Many foreign skilled workers who come to Canada on Work Permits can eventually qualify for fast-track Canadian Immigration (Permanent Residency) through one of the Provincial Nomination Programs, the Canadian Experience Class, or Arranged Employment.

 

 

Temporary Work Permits for Foreign Workers in Canada

One of the most often asked questions is how do I find a job in Canada? In fact many people ask us how they can secure a job here
in Canada before starting the immigration process so that they’ll have a job to go to as soon as they land in Canada.

Before we get into how you could go about doing that let’s turn the tables around and look at this from the perspective of the
owner of a Canadian company.

One day he gets a resume and cover letter in the mail applying for a position available at the company. The cover letter further
goes on to state that the applicant isn’t currently living in Canada but is planning to apply for immigration shortly and would
like a job offer from the company.

Now picture yourself as the owner of the company. You’re thinking great…. I’m going to offer this person a job even though I don’t know when they’re going to apply for Canadian immigration. If they actually do apply for immigration to Canada, I’m not the slightest bit sure that they’re even going to be here by the end of this year or the next, if they make it at all.

You are basically expecting a person to choose an uncertain, undecided potential worker over the hundreds of applicants he has
to choose from locally.

I’m sure you’d agree that going about looking for a job in Canada before you even immigrate is futile and a waste of time.

UNLESS….

One of the exceptions to this rule would be if you had a PhD or other invaluable experience in a very specialized field, and that
because of the extremely specialized nature of your work, local Canadian talent would be hard to come by. In cases such as these, get in touch with us and we should be able to expedite the entire immigration process for you with our legal referrals. link

So what does one do? I  tell you it’s either Action or Nothing.

Action

1. Be an Entreprenuer

2. Go for post secondary program for 2 yrs and you will have 3 yrs of work permit issue thereafter. During study you can work part time. ( Brandon University in Manitoba is the cheapest one to study)

3. Perhaps you need to get inside information of employers applying for pre-approval of hiring foreign skilled workers or
those employers applying for LMO to service Canada.Immigration consultant handling this type of employers application for pre- approval & LMO and placement companies involved thereafter hiring of foreign skilled workers( with pre-approval or LMO for employers) can get you good lead.This could be either for work permit for fix period or permanent job with AEO.ON,BC, NB, Nova scotia and Quebec itself are a tough provinces to get in, and its employers do not issue AEOs easily. However, I suggest you try and go for SK and MB. They are growing, a lot of new jobs in different fields are created there, and job offers along with PNP
certificates are issued pretty easily. Also look out for Canada recruitment fairs in Europe. You have to register in advance, they
are normally held in May-June and in November.

Follow this link, Destination Canada  Also please check http://www.manitoba.ca and http://www.immigration.gov.sk.ca
Do Nothing

Well, not absolutely nothing.

If….. as is the case with most skilled workers, you want to find a job before landing in Canada and you cannot find a job before
starting the process, then you can still act to mitigate as much risk as possible, by applying for jobs much later in the process.

That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t do some research about the economic atmosphere in Canada, and about the industry that you
work in right now of course.

Start the immigration process first and then apply for a job when the immigration process is close to complete. We will tell you
that there should now only be 2 to 3 months or more before your permanent resident visa’s are issued and it should be at this time that you start to look for a job in Canada.

Why don’t you take your first step now by getting a Canadian style resume?

Once you’ve done that, take a look at this page, which will give you a brief overview of Ontario’s economy.

 

 

NOTE: that our partner law firm does not assist in finding job
offers, they assist with the process of obtaining a work permit
for those who already have an existing job offer.

How To Get a Job While You Are Out Of Canada ? Part I

Yes it’s one of the most popular questions we get !

Finding work in Canada can be one of the fastest ways to begin your life in Canada.

Your Work in Canada Options

It all starts with a job offer from a Canadian employer.
With a full-time permanent job offer, you may qualify for Arranged Employment under the Federal Skilled Worker program or for a Skilled Worker category of one of the Provincial Nomination Programs (PNP). Both of these options will entitle you to fast-track Canadian Immigration (Permanent Residency).

If you want to stay in Canada permanently, you must qualify under one of the permanent resident categories, such as the skilled worker category. Information about coming to Canada as a skilled worker can be found in the Related Links section at the bottom of this page.

A work permit for Canada can only be obtained if you have an offer of employment before applying for your Canadian work visa. Canada seeks to attract temporary skilled workers to fill positions that Canadian employers are currently having difficulty to fill by a Canadian Permanent Resident or Citizen.

A Canadian work permit is issued on a temporary basis only and on the condition that you work for the specific employer sponsoring you. You can apply to change your Canada immigration status once in Canada, however the Canada work visa is not transferable and you will not be able to stay and work in Canada on your Canadian Visa upon termination of your employment.

Your employer must take the following steps before applying for a Canadian Work Visa:

1) Your employer must first confirm your position is suitable to apply for a Canadian Work Permit by making an application to Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC)

2) Your employer must then offer you the confirmed position

3)Your employer must then make an application to Citizenship and Immigration Canada for a Work Permit for Canada.

Please be aware that not all employment offers will be considered and HRDC’s role is to confirm that your position will be of benefit to the Canadian Labour Market and of no threat to Canadian citizens employment opportunities before an application for a Canada Work Permit can be considered.

In summary, employers that need to address skill shortages in Canada may seek to employ a foreign national by sponsoring a Canadian Visa.

If you have an offer of employment from a Canadian employer, you may be eligible to apply for a Work Permit. Please feel free to contact us for further information.

As you may be aware, some employers find themselves in a catch 22 situation with the work permit process in which case you may like to consider the Federal Canada Skilled Worker Visa. This visa enables you to gain Permanent Resident status, in which you are entitled to live and work in Canada without the need of an employment offer.  Continue to part II here

 

Help finding work in Canada.

Do you need help finding work in Canada?

Foreign Credential Assessment:  Do you need to have your foreign credentials assessed?

How to find a Job in Canada: What You Need to Know

More than ever, Canada is in need of qualified workers in a range of professions. From nurses to miners, food servers to IT professionals, employers in Canada are increasingly looking beyond their own borders to meet their employment needs.
When living abroad, finding a job in Canada can seem like a daunting task. Thankfully, a few tips can help demystify the process, and with a little luck you could be on your way to a new life and career in Canada!

Step 1: Know the Job Market
Before looking for jobs, you should take some time to learn about the labour environment for your specific occupation in Canada. It is important to ask yourself important questions about your job search goals, such as:
What is the average salary for my job in Canada? Does it vary by location?
You can use the  Monster’s  Canada Salary Calculator to find the answer to this question

Step 2: Search for a Job

There is no ‘right’ way to search for a job in Canada. A good place to start is to think of any connections you might have in the country. Look through your social networks to find out if you have friends or family (or friends-of-friends, etc) with ties to Canada or your profession. If you have no personal ties, you may want to consider contacting professionals working in your field in Canada and asking to speak with them informally in order to learn more about the job market.
Of course, you do not need a professional network in Canada in order to begin your job search. There are a number of Canadian job posting websites that you may use to start your search today. Our Job Search Tool, which accesses job postings from across the country, is a good place to start.

When applying for jobs, it is important to remember that Canadian employers may look for certain things that differ from employers in your home country. For instance, it is important to provide a resume that conforms to Canadian professional standards. You can use our resume services  to make sure yours is up to par. If you are applying for any job opening, it is beneficial to include a cover letter explaining your qualifications and interest in the job.

Step 3: Securing a Job Offer

If you make it to step 3, congratulations! You are closer than ever to arriving in Canada. A job offer from a Canadian employer may be issued on either a temporary or permanent basis. Both can help bring you to Canada, but there are different processes for each. Usually, a Canadian employer will formally hire you by issuing a job offer letter. For immigration purposes, it is helpful that the job offer letter includes the following information:

  • Salary and benefits
  • Working hours
  • Description of job duties
  • Printed on company letterhead
  • Signed by employer and employee

For semi-skilled occupations, the Federal government requires the use of a standardized employment contract, if you are being hired from abroad.

Important note: While rare, fraudulent job offers do occur. You should exercise good judgement when receiving a job offer from an employer abroad. Remember that a genuine offer of employment will not ask you to pay money or provide your credit card information.

Step 4: Learn what are my rights as a employee?
All Canadians are entitled to a minimum wage and vacation benefits. Social benefits such as healthcare may vary from province to province.

  • Do I need Federal/Provincial certification to practice in Canada?
  • Are my skills in high demand in a certain part of Canada?
  • Find out by browsing for your occupation in different provinces and cities.
  • Is my job considered ‘high’ or ‘low’ skilled in Canada?

 

Step 5: Come to Canada
An offer of temporary employment can be issued for varying lengths of time, from a few days to a few years. If successful, you will receive a Temporary Work Permit to work in this position. You will come to Canada for a specified period of time as a temporary foreign worker, and you will be restricted to working only for the job written on your permit. If you do wish to change employers once in Canada, you would need to apply for and receive a new work permit. This can be done from inside Canada.
If your offer of employment is permanent in nature, you can use it as support for a permanent residency application. Many popular immigration programs, such as the Federal Skilled Worker Program, have streams dedicated to processing applications that include a full-time Canadian job offer. While the Federal Skilled Worker Program had placed a strict cap on application intake, individuals with arranged employment in Canada are not subject to these caps.

Whether temporary or permanent, a job in Canada will give you invaluable experience, and may be a stepping stone for a future life in the country. For some, a job will fall into place quickly, while for others the search may last longer. No matter what, it is important to keep your focus on your ultimate personal and professional goals. With persistence, you can make them a reality.

in order to capture that a job offer  you need to polish your CV . To find out more about how to do it   or  simply check out in the direct site here 

Working & Job Guide for Canada

From its Aboriginal beginnings, to French and British colonization, to its large, modern-day communities of Latin American immigrants, Canada has always sustained an ethnically and culturally diverse population. Canada absorbs more immigrants per capita than any other country. Although it is the second largest country in the world after Russia, an average of only three people inhabit each square kilometer. Known for its cold, sprawling northern frontier, Niagara Falls, and maple-leafed flag, Canada is a complex, multicultural nation with some important differences from its southern neighbor, the United States.
The nation sustains an affluent, high-tech industrial society with a market-oriented economic system and high standards of living. Since World War II, the impressive growth of the Canadian manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into one that is primarily industrial and urban. Real rates of growth have averaged nearly three percent since 1993. However, private sector forecasters estimated a slight slowdown in growth to 2.4 percent in 2000. This slowdown in growth is due in part to concerns of record high consumer debt and a low savings rate (2.3 percent in 1998). Nevertheless, low interest rates, net wage and employment gains, and fiscal stimulus may be impetus for growth.
Canada’s government is a confederation with parliamentary democracy. Queen Elizabeth II serves as the head of state under a constitutional monarchy. A democratically elected parliament is chosen at least every five years with the prime minister, chosen from the majority party or coalition, serving as head of the government and. Jean Chretien has served as the Canadian Prime Minister since November 4, 1993.

Professional Resources
Telephone directories are a good means of finding specific business and personal contact information in Canada. Canada411Sympatico provides an online website with Canadian business information, searchable by name and location. Links to the yellow pages, city guides, post codes, and toll free numbers are also provided.
The Chamber of Commerce is the prime meeting place for business people in Canada, whether one has just started in business or has been operating for many years. One can contact the Chamber of Commerce with questions or attend the courses it organizes. Many of these sites are in both French and English. The Canadian
Chamber of Commerce website is a good place to start.
 

Industry Canada/Industrie Canada is a good place to get an overall understanding of current opportunities in the country. The organization works with to improve conditions for investment; improve Canada’s innovation performance; increase Canada’s share of global trade; and build a fair, efficient, and competitive marketplace. Program areas include: developing industry and technology capability, fostering scientific research, setting telecommunications policy, promoting investment and trade, promoting tourism and small business development.
Canada Job Search Resources
1. The online job resources available in Canada are enormous. Workopolis.com is one of the best sites to use as a Canadian job resource. An outstanding feature of this site is that workopolis.com is at the top of a more detailed network which includes provincial and city-level databases. Although Information Technology (IT) jobs are the most prevalent on the site, many other listings are available. Other resources include links to Canadian companies, employment agencies, discussion forums, useful books, training information, and job preparation tools. Canjobs.com is in English only.
 

3.Online employment search: in Canada, networking is a tool that is extremely effective when pursuing employment in Canada. For the job-seeker, acquiring business and personal contacts within a selected industry, as well as associated industries, is key. The further the networking capabilities reach, the more opportunities and possibilities will present themselves.
Financial Considerations
Most Canadians enjoy a high standard of living, and the cost of living varies from province to province. Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal are the most expensive areas; Charlottetown, Winnipeg and Edmonton are much cheaper. Food and housing prices tend to mimic those in the United States. A liter of homogenized milk, a loaf of bread, and a dozen eggs will cost you about $3.50 C ($3.00 USD).
The Federal Government and provincial government plans provide basic hospital and medical care for residents. Four provinces have prescription drug plans for their residents and most provinces provide this benefit for residents 65 and over. Most employers provide healthcare plans above and beyond the basic coverage, including vision and dental benefits, and are now extending health coverage to “same-sex spouses.”
Federal tax is calculated, on Schedule 1 of the return, by applying a basic rate of 17% on the first $30,004 C ($19,175 USD) of taxable income. The maximum rate of 29% is applied to any excess over $60,009 C ($38,350 USD) of taxable income. The additional provincial tax rates vary from province to province, from a flat tax of 44% to 62% of the federal tax (Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan, Alberta, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut) to a graduated tax depending on income (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba, British Columbia).

Employment Trends
Canada’s unemployment rate has hit its lowest levels in recent history, dropping from 9.6 percent to seven percent. In the latter half of 2000, the Canadian labor market witnessed the creation of 187,000 new job openings. In the last few years, Canada has faced a critical shortage of skilled workers. Some industry experts call this a “brain drain,” as the best and brightest Canadian workers are flocking to the United States in search of higher salaries. Experts fear that the shortage of skilled workers in some sectors could grow to one million by 2020.
The Bank of Canada suggested recently that a shortage of skilled workers in Canada is spreading beyond high-tech industries, forcing employers in numerous other sectors to compete for a shrinking pool of qualified labor. Labor shortages have broadened beyond high-tech companies to include construction trades, truck transportation, engineering, food services, and accommodation.
To increase the skilled labor pool in Canada, the government has introduced legislation to make it easier for immigrants to enter Canada. A recent bill would eliminate the “occupations list” that awards points to immigrants with specific skills. The changes would also put a higher premium on family reunification by increasing the dependent-children category to include youths as old as 22. The age limit is currently 19.

Resume/CV’s
A job search in Canada starts with preparing a one-page letter that is normally typed. However, more and more employers in Canada accept computer applications. To get ideas for creating an electronic resume, get the services or check the portofalio sites like www.hinenimedia.com
The resume (two pages, less if you have had little or no work experience), includes the following:
• Contact information, centered at the top.
• Education, listing colleges and/or universities attended, dates of attendance, courses of study, and diplomas or degrees. In this section, you should also mention extra courses or training, internships, and foreign travel. List this information in reverse-chronological order.
• Work experience, giving the firm name, your title(s), dates of employment and responsibilities. State whether the work was temporary or part-time. If you have no job at the present, you should mention that fact also. Once again, the information should be listed in reverse-chronological order.
• Other skills, such as computer, and language fluency.
• Personal information, such as relevant volunteer activities and hobbies.
• Three references, with their titles and contact information.
In Canada, it is illegal for a prospective employer to ask your marital status, sexual orientation, race or age, or to request a photo.

Information Technology
Job opportunities in the Canadian IT industry are quite strong. With the growing importance of computers and the Internet, companies are recruiting workers with strong IT qualifications. The Internet start-up and e-commerce boom has created large amounts of work for web designers, systems analysts, computer and database programmers and software developers in Canada. The Information Technology Association of Canada (ITAC) represents more than 1,300 companies in this area.
The emergence of New Media technologies has encouraged many creative professionals to enter the IT industry. Successful candidates usually possess a post-secondary education, specializing in the development and/or application of new media technologies.
The level of education required for employment in the IT industry depends greatly on the specific area of the industry in which one wishes to work. A post-secondary education is usually required, but many qualified applicants receive employment offers before they obtain their degree.

Companies like Microsoft, Oracle, Sun Microsystems, and others provide IT professionals with certification programs. Many corporations require potential IT employees to have these certifications in order to fit certain positions within the organization. The most qualified applicants often have a post-secondary degree in Computer Science or Computer   Engineering.

 
Interviewing Advice
You can do several things beforehand to prepare for an interview. Research the company, so that you have some idea of their corporate culture, their successes and their current direction. Prepare a list of your skills, matching it to the Company’s needs. Ask yourself possible questions, and formulate responses.
• Dress in neat, tailored clothes for the interview.
• Arrive on time. Canadians are usually punctual and expect punctuality in others.
• Shake hands with all those present at the interview, but be careful to allow adequate personal space, and avoid other physical contact.
• Be courteous and respectful. Canadians are deferential to authority and polite to each other.
Employers will look for your ability to respond to questions intelligently and quickly. During the interview, be yourself-and be modest about your accomplishments. Bragging, name-dropping and aggressiveness are considered to be in poor taste. Avoid raising the issue of salary or benefits early in the interview. However, if asked, be prepared to give your salary preference.

After the interview, write a letter of thanks. This not only shows your courtesy, but it also provides another point of contact with the employer.

Engineering
In Canada, engineering is a regulated profession. By law, no one can be a practicing engineer without a license. Licensing is carried out by 12 provincial and territorial associations that set standards and regulate the profession. An engineering license is valid only within a specific jurisdiction. However, there is a mobility agreement among the provinces and territories regarding transfer of licenses.

Once registered, or licensed, as a member of a provincial or territorial association, engineers are known as professional engineers and are eligible to use the designation “P.Eng.” (“ing” in Québec) after their name. The Association of Consulting Engineers of Canada (ACEC) is the national voice of independent engineers in
the country.

Normally, to be licensed as a professional engineer by a provincial or territorial engineering association, a candidate must be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident; possess an undergraduate (Bachelor’s level) degree in engineering from an accredited Canadian university program, or possess an otherwise recognized engineering degree and complete an assigned examination program; complete two to four years of engineering work experience, depending on the association; and write and pass a professional practice examination on professional practice, ethics, engineering law and liability.

 
Work Permits
It is relatively easy to immigrate to Canada. To work in the country, foreigners can travel on a temporary visa and apply for a work permit (an Employment Authorization [EA] in Canada), or become a permanent resident of Canada. To obtain an EA, a Canadian job offer validated by the Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) is required. This means that the employer has to prove that the position could not be filled by a Canadian citizen or resident. The validation process is complicated unless you are a software or IT professional, a member of an Exchange Program, or the Spouse of Highly Skilled Temporary Worker.

 
It’s advisibly to get a job in advance, subscribe to a job listing service,  information specialist , get or pay for guides or instruction on how to do  the documentation and paperwork properly and finally hire a accredited immigration specialist.  Everything is money in this days if you have want to save that’s a short cut. To enter the country, you should have the following: a valid passport, travel document, or other identity document; proof of sufficient funds while in Canada and enough to cover the costs of departure; lack of a criminal record, and, in some cases, a recent medical examination.

Non-Canadians interested in emigrating to the country can check out this blog frecuently or subscribe to its paid membership services, which provides information about obtaining work visas for Canada. Online assessment of eligibility to live and work in Canada can be made and free. In addition there is information on gaining permanent and temporary work status in Canada.

Accounting & Finance
Canada’s financial services and accounting sector is one of its strongest industries. Financial services professionals work in auditing and accounting firms, the federal and local government, banks, trust companies, investment and underwriting firms, stock and mortgage brokerages, commodity exchanges and other companies, as well as non-profit organizations. Self-employment makes up 22 percent of the workforce in this industry, a significant
increase over the past ten years.

As of February 2001, Canada had 2,996 financial institutions. The proportion of women (49 percent) in this field has increased dramatically over the last ten years. The unemployment rate in this area is the lowest for the occupations in the business, finance, and administration sectors, at approximately three percent. The Certified General Accountants of Canada (CGA) represents over 60,000 practicing professionals and students in Canada and abroad.

 Currently, expatriates have a strong chance of finding work in these occupations. Over the next five years, this outlook is not expected to change. The majority of Canadian companies have embraced financial technology using computerized financial systems to monitor business finances. Electronic funds transfer, automatic teller machines, and electronic data interchange are becoming the norm and are leading to new IT skill requirements.
Cultural Advice
There’s much more to Canada than maple syrup. If you’re planning a move, check out the following cultural tips:
• Canadians are polite, respectful of authority, consensus-oriented, and tend to avoid confrontation. They are courteous and respectful of women and older people, and men typically observe traditional actions of courtesy (such as holding a door open for a woman, or offering their seat to an older person).

• It is appropriate to address older people by their last name preceded by the appropriate term of “Mr.”, “Mrs.”, or “Miss.” “Bonjour” is the traditional French greeting, and the polite form of “you” when conversing with new people is “vous.” “Tu” is generally reserved for family and close friends. Maintain an open and cordial manner when talking to Canadians. Direct eye contact shows sincerity.

• Canadians often include spouses in their business invitations, although, it is best to confirm this before making plans to attend. It is also acceptable to reciprocate the offer. If dining out for a business event, it is common practice to dine at an upscale restaurant. Seafood is very popular along the coasts. Business meetings are held during any meal. Business conversation, however, is typically withheld until after the meal. Eating habits vary within
different ethnic areas. It is best to follow the lead of the host.

Sales & Marketing
The Canadian sales and marketing industry can be broken into five sub-categories: Advertising, Market Research, Marketing Consulting, Communications/Public Relations Consulting and Direct Marketing. With the growth of the Internet and its increasing importance as an advertising tool, the sales and marketing industry has naturally adopted new technological strategies, creating a high demand for IT-savvy sales and marketing professionals. More traditional positions are now requiring Internet skills and an understanding of how the Internet can be effectively utilized to increase sales and market exposure. Advertising industry experts are also paying increasing attention to the field of Customer Relationship Management (CRM).

Employment in the sales and marketing industry usually requires post-secondary education, specializing in marketing or business management. Relevant experience is also an asset and sometimes is considered as important, or more important, than post-secondary education. Desired traits include a proven track record in customer service experience, strong communication skills, project management experience, and more. The Canadian Marketing Association (CMA) is an organization of more that 750 companies who work in this
industry.

General Business
Canada’s management and consulting industries are among the most competitive in the world, ranking behind only the United States and Europe. Requirements for a managerial or consulting position usually include a post-secondary education and relevant work experience. For consulting, experience is essential to establish a client base from which to work. MBAs and other graduate degrees are highly regarded, and can provide substantial salary increases.

In Canada, the market is dominated by the big consulting firms: Accenture, Deloitte & Touche, PricewaterhouseCoopers, and CapGemini Ernst & Young. However, there are still many niches being filled by smaller, specialized firms. The current trend in the industry is focused around the IT sector. This sector is the largest segment in Canada, generating approximately 40 percent of the industry’s revenues.

Many successful business and consulting candidates have a post-secondary degree with a concentration in commerce or economics. The majority of higher-level executives usually have completed post-graduate work, such as a Masters of Business Administration (MBA). However, many employers do not hire top-level employees simply because of their level of education; the amount of experience plays a large role in a candidate’s job marketability. Canadian Business Magazine is the premier publication for this industry, published 24 times a year in English.

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