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Canada – Visas and Work Permits

Canada – Visas and Work Permits
 
Are you wanting to work or re-locate to the Canada? Do you need to check if you need a work permit or do you want to apply now? Do you want to find out if you need a visa to be in the Canada? Here, Hineni have provided you with some information on working in Canada and have teamed up with its membersite  who can offer you further advice and assistance with any questions and queries you may have.
 
 What are Visas and Work Permits?
Firstly, here is an explanation of what a visa, a work permit and immigration actually is.
A visa is an official authorization appended to a passport, permitting entry into and travel within a particular country or region.
– A work permit is a generic term for a legal authorization, which allows a person to take employment. It is most often used in reference to instances where a person is given permission to work in a country where one does not hold citizenship,
– Immigration is the act of immigrating; the passing or coming into a country for the purpose of permanent residence.
It will depend on how long you want to go for, why you want to go and certain other factors as to which of the visas you must apply for.
 
 
Types of Visas
Canada offers a range of immigration opportunities and probably does more than most other countries to encourage skilled workers to move to Canada. There are four main categories for visas and there is also an option for a work permit:
Skilled Worker Class – The Skilled Worker Visa for Canada is the most popular way of applying for migration to Canada. This allows you to enter Canada with the right to work without first needing to find a job. Find out if you qualify by using a Canada Skilled Worker Points Calculator.
Business Class – Canadian Business Immigration offers three different Canada Business Visa categories for business immigration to Canada for potential migrants wishing to Invest or start a business in Canada.
Family Class – Canadian citizens and permanent residents living in Canada, 18 years of age or older, may sponsor close relatives or family members who want to become permanent residents of Canada.
Citizenship – Although you can’t apply for Canadian citizenship until you have lived in Canada for at least three years, you can be thinking about what it means from the moment you arrive.
Work Permits – A work permit for Canada can only be obtained if you have an offer of employment before applying for your Canadian work visa. Canada seeks to attract temporary skilled workers to fill positions that Canadian employers are currently having difficulty to fill by a Canadian Permanent Resident or Citizen.
Canada Visit Visa – Visit Canada with a Canadian Tourist Visa. A Canadian Visitor Visa will allow you to visit Canada for up to 6 months.
 
Visa Exemptions
 
Visas are required by everyone visiting Canada except the following for stays of up to six month:
1. nationals of countries; Britain, Australia,  USA, Other EU members and Japan.
2. nationals of EU countries (except Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Slovak Republic, who do require a visa);
3. nationals of Andorra, Antigua & Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Botswana, Brunei, French Overseas Possessions and Territories, Greenland, Guernsey, Hong Kong (SAR), Iceland, Israel (National passport holders only), Jersey, Korea (Rep), Liechtenstein, Monaco, Namibia, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, St Kitts & Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent & the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Swaziland, Switzerland and the Vatican City.
4. those visiting Canada who, during that visit, also visit the USA or St Pierre & Miquelon (a French Overseas Territory) and return directly to Canada as visitors.
 
 Types of Visa and Cost
Visitor: C$75 (single-entry); C$150 (multiple-entry). Family: C$400 (for families of six or more persons). Transit: gratis. Transit visas are necessary for all nationals who require a visitor visa. Employment: C$150 (individual); C$450 (group of three or more). Student: C$125. Prices are subject to frequent change.
  
Validity
Up to six months depending on circumstances of individual applicant.
 
Further Information
Please contact your local Embassy or Consulate or High Commission to find out further information about visas.  
 Hineni Media collects and provide diverse employment information, including employment procedures,
   working visas and Canada employment trends.
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Where to find job opportunities In Canada?

What can you do when you have to find a job fast? It’s not easy, but there are steps you can take to expedite your job search.

Job opportunities can be found anywhere from a Help Wanted ad placed in a store window, to ads online or in Canada’s major newspaper, to major employers who hire “head-hunters” to find a new company official. Job fairs Increasingly, employers are working with Canada wide or Provincial Labour and Immigration and some employment service providers to hold “job fairs.” Immigrants are invited to meet employers. To know what job fairs are happening, regularly check the newspaper section Events.

Monster or Workpolis are free website that shows you what jobs are available daily in Canadian Provinces by Industry. It also gives detailed information including qualification and language requirements. Workopolis.com is the job website most Canada wide employers use to advertise job openings not all but is something.

Recruiters Some companies – particularly those with IT, office or accounting needs – hire a staffing, or placement, agency to find employees. These agencies advertise positions or seek out people whose skills meet the needs of employers. You should contact these employment agencies and have them add your name and work experience to their database. They CANNOT charge you any fee.

‘Hidden’ job market

It is said that most Canadian employers do not advertise when they have job openings. That is why we refer to the “hidden” job market.

To find opportunities you must “network.” That means doing things such as talking to people you know to find out who is hiring, contacting employers directly, attending job fairs, contacting groups involved in your field of work. ‘

Networking’

Networking means making social contacts. This way you can hear about unadvertised jobs, and employers can hear about you. Here are some methods: Get to know people in your neighbourhood and in your industry or profession. Talk to employment and professional counsellors, employers, and colleagues. By talking to people you will also come to understand your industry and what businesses look for in new employees. Join professional associations. Subscribe to their newsletters. Attend professional events and meetings. Attend public meetings and community events. Give and collect business cards. Contact Canadian employers directly, use HM Major Employment Companies Directory is a content website that lists all employers in the province,what they do and their contact informacion.

The Job Interview

Employers place a lot of importance on meeting a prospective employee. An interview could be an informal conversation or it could be a structured format with pre-determined questions in front of a panel of interviewers. The employer reviews paper applications. The next step is to call some candidates in for an interview. This could happen quickly or it make take a company weeks to decide who to interview. Be prepared to listen, answer and ask — in English. Have a positive attitude about yourself. Know that your skills and personal qualities would be an asset to the employer. The best way to learn about interviews is by taking advantage of advice offered by immigrant employment service agencies.

Regional resource for job seekers

Ontario, Manitoba, Vancouver , Calgary and Montreal , etc all Canada have many employment offices across the province. Free services include career counselling, information about job openings and the use of computers for resumé writing and Internet job search. Also, they can give information about government employment assistance programs. If you are an immigrant who lives in rural area you are advised to go to Employment of that Province.

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How to search, and where to get a job in Canada

It is each person’s responsibility to find a job.

The way of looking for work may be quite different than in your home country.  It’s not easy, but there are steps you can take to expedite your job search. Spending some time to get your job search in order, keeping it organized, focused, and on the fast track will help you find a job faster than if you don’t have a plan in place.

There are government and community agencies that will help you learn job search skills and help you find opportunities.

STEPS in your job search Job search skills:

Your first step is to have a plan. By knowing where to go and what to do you will achieve your goal.

Resumé, cover letter, application forms:  These are your basic “tools” to tell employers the skills and experience that you can offer.

Where to find jobs openings: Now that you’re ready with all the tools mention above you need to find an employer who’s ready to hire you. Read the ways that Canada companies advertise employment opportunities in this greatcompany directory.

Job interview: Meeting your potential employer for the first time is the crucial moment.

Work experience, language and culture all play a part in this one-on-one meeting. Have yours polished.

Job search skills :  for newcomers already hear the best place to learn job search skills including resumé writing and how to conduct yourself in an interview by participating in one of the free workshops or longer programs offered by the organizations that Canada funds to provide employment services to newcomers. These free services have extended programs as well as one-day “workshops.” Participating in these services is also an excellent way to find out about job opportunities and career fairs. These programs cover topics such as: job search skills learning or upgrading skills such as using computers the rules and customs of the Canadian workplace improving your English for work Some programs provide job placements or introduce participants to employers. For newcomers above we offer interview coaching services by phone or web. Contact us for details or check our parent site.

 Resumé, cover letter, application forms :

To get a job you must convince employers that it would be to their advantage to hire you. You need to “market” yourself with a well-written resumé that explains your education and experience. Before you write, you need to know what Canadian employers expect; resumés here are often very different than in other countries.

 A cover letter is the letter of introduction that you send or present with your resumé. Canadian employers expect to read certain things in a letter. You should always include a cover letter. It tells the employer the purpose of the letter, who should receive it, the position being applied for.

Application forms are provided by employers. The form asks specific questions and you answer them by filling in the blanks. It is a good idea to familiarize yourself with job applications before you go see an employer. Canadian employers expect to see references. This usually means people you have worked for in the past who can speak for you. If you have no Canadian work experience this can be difficult. This is why it is important to network — get to know people — so that an employer has someone to phone and ask about your experience and character. Immigrant employment services are an excellent source of information. You can also find samples of “Canadian style” resumés and cover letters on site such as workopolis and others Job Banks.

 

Marisol Diaz
Settlement & Integration Resources Publisher
Immigration through Employment Advisement
http://www.hinenimedia.memberlodge.org

Canadian Case Types and Visas

Types of Canadian Visas

Living and Working In Canada Permanently
Family Visas
Spouse immigration/Partner immigration/Dependents immigration
Student Visa
Tourism:
Single Entry
Multiple Entry
Transit  Visitor Visa
Economic class category: Employment visas
Canada Work Permit
Working holiday
Seasonal work permits
Federal Skilled Worker Visa*
Quebec Skilled Worker Visa
Canada Entrepreneur Visa
Canada Investor Visa
Canada Self Employed Visa
Business immigrants
Entrepreneurs
Self-employed
Canadian Experience class
Fiancee visa
Residence card through marriage
Marriage to a Canadian citizen
Married to legal permanent resident
Parents, kids, and step siblings of Canadian citizen
Brothers and sisters of Canadian citizens
Adult  son and daughter of canadian citizen
Application for adjust of status

General Information

1.Single Entry
This category allows an applicant to visit the nation once only, for a maximum duration of 6 months. However, you can seek an extension at least 30 days before expiry of the original document.

2.Multiple Entry
This category allows an applicant to enter and depart the country on several occasions during and up to its period of validity.

3.Transit  Visitor Visa
If you are coming from a country which requires visiting visas to enter Canadian territory, this category becomes necessary when you visit en route to another destination. In Canada visas of this kind allow you to spend no more than 48 hours in the country.

Living and Working In Canada Permanently
For those wishing to live and work in the country on a permanent basis, a range of options exist which confer immediate permanent residency status. Also  Canada immigration service, Citizenship and Immigration in Canada or CIC allows permanent residents to apply for Canadian citizenship following satisfaction of the three-year residency obligation requirement.

Family Visas
An application for a Canadian family Visa in which existing permanent Canadian residents or citizens can sponsor their foreign national relatives for an agreed time (between 3 and 10 years) in the country until they are able to establish themselves is also available.

In Canada visa requirements for family immigrants are not subject to the points system and any Canadian permanent resident of 18 years or more, with sufficient qualifying income, can sponsor a relative in this way.

Sponsoring relatives in this way is usually the quickest route to achieving permanent residency in Canada; it allows for spouse immigration and fiance immigration and permits parents and dependent children under 18 years of age to enter the country.

Student Visas
In most cases, students wishing to study in Canada will need to obtain a Canadian student visa, although in some circumstances such as those candidates studying for less than six months, a Canadian study visa will not be required.

A study permit for Canada must be applied for as soon as an applicant receives the letter of acceptance from the educational institution. Study permits allow applicants to work part time on campus and seek a renewal from within the country should they decide to continue studying.

Tourism:-
Canadian Visit visas or Tourist visas for Canada allow you to visit for up to six months. Working under any of the following Canadian Tourist visa categories is strictly prohibited, and in some cases, depending on your home country, you may need to obtain a Temporary Resident visa as well.

Economic class category: Employment visas

Canada Work Permit
A work permit for Canada or Canadian work visa is a temporary Canadian immigration service which allows a worker to migrate to Canada to fill a specific position in a particular company.This kind are designed to help Canadian employers who are finding it difficult to fill positions with Canadian permanent residents or Canadian citizens.

Spouse immigration/Partner immigration/Dependents immigration
In Canada visas of this type make provision for marriage immigration and spouse immigration on a temporary basis, and your husband, wife, or common-law partner and dependant children may join you.  However, if they wish to work they will need to submit their own working visa application. If you are travelling from a country whose nationals need a Temporary Resident Visa, or TRV, usually known as a visitor visa, you will also need to apply for one of these.

a) Working holiday
If you’re aged between 18 and 30 years you may be eligible to experience life in Canada on a working holiday.  

b) Seasonal work permits
Our Seasonal Work Permit  is for temporary workers from overseas in the Agriculture, horticulture and viticulture industries.

Federal Skilled Worker Visa*
Quebec Skilled Worker Visa
Canada Entrepreneur Visa
Canada Investor Visa
Canada Self Employed Visa

*Skilled workers (usually requires a university degree, proficiency in English/French and work experience among other requirements).
 
Business immigrants
Investors (must invest CAD$400,000 with the Canadian government and have a minimum net worth of CAD$800,000).

Entrepreneurs (must have proven business experience and a minimum net worth of CAD$300,000).

Self-employed (must have experience in cultural activities, athletics, or farm management. Must make a significant contribution to Canadian culture, athletics, or purchase/manage a Canadian farm).

Provincial Nominations Programs

Working Partner Program

 Canadian Experience class
is a immigration category for Canada’s temporary foreign workers and international graduates who wish to become Permanent Residents.

Industrial Apprenticeship in Canada Program

Exemptions

The Canadian immigration service permits some instances in which members of particular professions may secure temporary immigration to Canada without requiring a Canadian work permit.

These exemptions are listed below with their conditions.

Foreign representatives: Diplomats and representatives of nations or the UN. Their family members may also work if they possess a “no objection letter” from the Department of Foreign affairs.
Military personnel: Where movement orders state that they are entering the country under the terms of the Visiting Forces Act.
Foreign government officers: Should bring a formal letter of agreement if their period of work is longer than three months.
On-campus employment on a Canadian study visa: In some cases a student visa may permit its holder to work on campus. 
Performing artists: Where artists are performing for a limited time and will not be working in bars or restaurants or for a TV, motion picture or radio broadcast.
Athletes and coaches.
News reporters: When reporting on events in the country.
Public speakers: Where events are no longer than 5 days.
Convention organisers.
Clergy:
Coming to perform religious duties or assisting a religious group.
Judges and referees.
Examiners and evaluators.
Expert witnesses or investigators
.
Health-Care students: To undergo training of no more than 4 months. They must possess written approval from the appropriate regulatory body for their profession. A medical exam is also required.
Civil aviation inspectors.
Accident or incident inspectors.
Crew members e.g. Flight attendants: Where the vehicle is in the country for the purposes of transporting cargo or passengers.
Emergency service providers.

Get a   inmediate  acces to  sample immigration forms and documents, how to complete and file them; Follow the correct procedures, and file the necesary forms if you are a businessperson, tourist or a student; Family-based Vs employment-based, work based sponsorship inmigration; Visa jobs, Legal rights of immigrants including removals or arriving at Canadian port of entry.

How to find job openings in Canada?

Where is the best place to live in Canada?

It’s simple; if you want to work in Canada, then you should live somewhere in Southern Ontario. Specifically in the “Golden Horse-shoe” area, around the Western end of Lake Ontario. This is where all the jobs are. Trust me, I’ve been living here since the early 2000’s.

Toronto is a busy place ; well, cities around like Milton, Kitchener etc. are ok but this is nothing if you compare it with Montreal. This city is a beauty and more affordable than Toronto & surroundings.

How much can I expect to be paid for my work?

You will mainly find yourself doing odd jobs. These are paid at approximately $9-12 CAD$  per hour. Taxes are deducted from this – approximately 10 – 35%, depending on your income. Our partner organisation will help you to apply for a tax number and also to open a Canadian bank account.

How to Find Job Openings

In some countries, people find jobs primarily through the government or family members. In the Canada, network is more the rule, and it is important for everyone, including international students, to use a wide variety of networking to identify jobs.

About 20% of the jobs that exist in Canada are not advertised in newspapers, trade magazines, or on the Internet. The other 80% of job openings are in the “hidden” job market and are never advertised. These positions are filled by word of mouth. For this reason, it is important to contact as many people as possible to find out about job openings. This technique is called networking. Contacts include friends, classmates, neighbors, family members, professors, alumni, and community members. The Career Services Center has many books on the job search and networking, as well as networking workshops and opportunities.

 Working for local Companies

The best employment prospects for international trained profesional may be with Canadian companies with internatinal branches. International trained profesionals are great assets to Canadian global organizations desiring language skills, respect for diversity, and/or knowledge of overseas economies.

Occupations in Need of International Trained Professionals

According to the November 2008 edition of “Recruiting Trends,” high-tech firms are desperate to hire technically skilled, non-immigrant foreign workers. According to Canada Immigration, from October 2002 to February 2006, work visa petitions were approved in the following areas:
•Health

 •System’s Analysis and Programming (47.4%)

•Electrical/Electronics Engineering (5.4%)

•College and University Education (4.1%)

 •Accountants and Related Occupations (3.7%)

 These statistics suggest that International Trained Profesionals who wish to work in Canada would be wise to study technical subjects in order to increase their chance of employment.

Once you’ve discovered the companies that offered sponsorship or employment visas in the past, contact those companies to request a listing of job openings or internships or set up an informational interview. Even Internships Students who lack experience in their career fields should complete one or more internships while working towards their degrees.

According to “Canada Multinationals and the Foreign MBA,” more than 53% of foreign survey respondents received a job offer from a Canadian company where they completed an internship. Obtaining an internshipin Canada  is important not only in terms of resume building, but in terms of its potential to translate into a full-time job after graduation.

Approaching the Topic of Sponsor Visas with Employers

Many employers are intimidated by the Canadian immigration process and are reluctant to sponsor work visas, or simply have a policy against it. Do not begin an employment interview or letter with an inquiry regarding work sponsorship. Discussions about work sponsorship should come later, either when the employer brings it up or when the applicant is offered a position.

The applicant’s first task in an interview is to convince the employer of his/her suitability for the job. Only later, when an employer is close to making, or has made an offer, should the applicant raise the work sponsorship issue.

Learn about the sponsorship process including hiring and paying for a lawyer. By explaining the simplicity of the sponsorship process, the applicant will increase the likelihood of getting hired.  Seek out companies that have a history of work sponsorship. To identify companies that have sponsored foreign worker in the past , consider the following source:

Hineni Media is the newest paid-subscription site  listing companies that have sponsored work visas within the past several years. The list provides the names of hundreds of companies along with job titles and salary information associated with the work petitions. Clients that have paid for access to this website  can obtain the username and password,  The listing is available to students, includes the following areas: Administrative Occupations; Business Management and Administration; Computer Science and Information Technology; Engineering; Mathematics & Physical Sciences

Additional Advice for International Trained Professionals.

•Market Yourself Positively – It is very important for International students to turn employers’ objections into positives. By virtue of living and studying abroad, International Trained Professionals demonstrate tenacity and resourcefulness. It is important for them to tell employers about the challenges they faced in studying overseas and how theyovercame them. International Trained Profesionals should be prepared to tell employers how hiring them offers more advantages than disadvantages.

Follow these tips:

 •Choose a Major/Specialization in Demand – The demand for employees in technical fields, such asinformation technology and accounting, far outweighs the supply. Therefore, International students who study these subjects may have more opportunities than those select majors in low-demand areas.

•Be Flexible – International Trained Professionals may need to expand their job search by considering jobs outside their desired career. For example, an Information Technology major who would like to do web development may want to search for jobs in web development AND other areas of information technology.

•Patience and Persistence – Although finding employment as an International Trained Professionals can be challenging, it is not impossible. Each year Canada grants almost 70,000 work visas.

•Network with friends, professors, other International Trained Professionals, and attend job fairs.

•Become familiar with visa application processes.

•Volunter or Work for free like interning – the experience may lead to a full-time, paid position

Panorama General de Inmigración

Panorama General de Inmigración

Para efectos de inmigración, existen básicamente dos categorías o clases en Canada (sin incluir aquella de refugiados): 

Categoría Familia (Family Category)
Categoría Económica (Economic category)

En éste contenido nos concentramos en la categoría o clase Económica, la cual comprende:

Inmigrantes trabajadores altamente calificados. Esta categoría comprende aquellas personas quienes vendrán a Canadá y se ganarán la vida ofreciendo su trabajo a empresas canadienses. Esta clase comprende desde chefs, maquinistas, programadores de software hasta ingenieros bioquímicos y civiles. Es decir, la categoría no exige un título universitario (pero debe tener un titulo o diploma de escuela técnica superior), por ejemplo, sino habilidades y experiencia laboral que contribuyan al desarrollo del país. No obstante, en la evaluación del candidato o candidata, títulos universitarios (doctorados, maestrías, licenciatura.
A partir de 2008 el Gobierno ha establecido una lista de Ocupaciones aceptadas para Efectos de Inmigracion bajo el Programa Federal de Skilled Workers s) obtienen mayor puntuación que diplomas de educación técnica. 
Inmigrantes Empresarios quienes establecerán empresas en el Canadá y crearán empleos
Inmigrantes Inversores/Empresarios quienes invertirán en el país
Lista de Ocupaciones aceptadas para solicitudes de residencia bajo el Programa Federal categoría Skilled Workers 2009:

0111: Financial Managers
0213: Computer and Information Systems Managers
0311: Managers in Health Care
0631: Restaurant and Food Service Managers
0632: Accommodation Service Managers
0711: Construction Managers
1111: Financial Auditors and Accountants
2113: Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists
2143: Mining Engineers
2144: Geological Engineers
2145: Petroleum Engineers
3111: Specialist Physicians
3112: General Practitioners and Family Physicians
3141: Audiologists and Speech Language Pathologists
3143: Occupational Therapists
3142: Physiotherapists
3151: Head Nurses and Supervisors
3152: Registered Nurses
3215: Medical Radiation Technologists
3233: Licensed Practical Nurses
4121: University Professors
4131: College and Other Vocational Instructors
6241: Chefs
6242: Cooks
7213: Contractors and Supervisors, Pipefitting Trades
7215: Contractors and Supervisors, Carpentry Trades
7217: Contractors and Supervisors, Heavy Construction Equipment Crews
7241: Electricians (Except Industrial and Power System)
7242: Industrial Electricians
7251: Plumbers
7252: Steamfitters, Pipe fitters and Sprinkler System Installers
7265: Welders and Related Machine Operators
7312: Heavy-Duty Equipment Mechanics
7371: Crane Operators
7372: Drillers and Blasters – Surface Mining, Quarrying and Construction
8221: Supervisors, Mining and Quarrying
8222: Supervisors, Oil and Gas Drilling and Service
9212: Supervisors, Petroleum, Gas and Chemical Processing and Utilities

Oportunidades e informacion de contratos de trabajo para Canada

Información sobre los procedimientos selectivos para acceso e ingreso en las instituciones docentes, procedimientos para adquisición de nuevas especialidades por los funcionarios de los mencionadas instituciones, así como acceso a bolsas de trabajo de Canada.

Canada ofrece muchas oportunidades de trabajo. Consulta nuestra sección internacional de empleo. Hineni ofrece amplias posibilidades para desarrollar tu carrera profesional en Canada atraves de su contenido por subscripcion relocando, orientado y con servicios de asentamiento. Para más información sobre las vacantes nacionales e internacionales, consulte nuestro job reporting  site:

www.hinenimedia.memberlodge.org

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