NEWS: Labor market opinion (LMO)


The LMO  is a document issued by the Canadian government to your employer. It will allow you, a Temporary Foreign Worker (TFW), to obtain a sponsored work permit for Canada. It is a fast, cheap process that was created to allow Canadian employers to fill positions in their companies with foreign workers if they are unable to find a Canadian to do the job. The government issues a positive or negative Labour Market Opinion (LMO) to your employer approximately 12 weeks after application. You, the potential employee, then use this LMO to obtain your new visa either at the nearest border, or by post. Visa fees are usually about $150. The LMO will state the conditions for work in Canada, including wages, hours and the duration of the LMO permit.

HRSDC/Service Canada ensures that job opportunities are protected for Canadian Citizens and Permanent Residents. Canadian employers can hire foreign workers when it will not negatively affect employment of Canadians and Permanent Residents, or when there are significant benefits to the recruitment of a foreign worker.

There are certain guidelines that HRSDC follow in the process of approving Canadian employer to hire a foreign worker. The employer must demonstrate that:

  • A job offer itself is bonafide and not designed to be inaccessible to Canadians/permanent residents
  • Wages and a working condition offered are sufficient to attract and retain Canadians or permanent residents in employment
  • An employer has made reasonable efforts to hire or train Canadians or permanent residents for an employment in request. Usually an employer can extend a job offer to a foreign worker after establishing that Canadians and permanent residents are not readily available. An employer can provide evidence to support either one of the two following conditions:
  • Reasonable efforts were made to recruit and train qualified Canadians or permanent residents for employment
  • Foreign worker possesses a combination of skills and experience not readily available in Canada.
  • The employment of the foreign worker is critical for the company to maximize its human resources in creating or maintaining jobs and/or transferring specialized knowledge and skills to the company’s labor force.


Once you have a positive LMO from HRDSC, you are then entitled to apply for a work permit to work in Canada. You can do this in two different ways:

1. Apply to the Canadian Consulate in your country before coming to Canada. You will receive a confirmation letter which you provide to Citizenship & Immigration Canada on arrival. The cost is $150 per work permit and $125 per study permit (needed for all children of school age).

2. Apply at Point of Entry (POE). Go to Immigration Canada on arrival in Canada. Provide your documents and they will issue you with a work permit and study permit, if required.

3. If you are already in Canada you can also go to the border and flagpole, which involves going to the US border. When coming back, you proceed to Immigration Canada as a landed immigrant. You can read here some of the statics on LMO


It is relatively fast, cheap and appealing to employers. Other routes that allow you to work in Canada require more time and money.
You can get a work permit for Canada for up to three years.


It can be tricky to meet all requirements and convincing the government that there is no Canadian to do the job.
LMOs are issued based on the current labour market needs, so if you happen to be in a profession that is currently experiencing high rates of unemployment it can be tough to get an Labour Market Opinion.
Your employer is the person applying for the LMO so you cannot get any information on your application or deal with the Labour Market Opinion folks throughout the process.

Your employer is going to have to advertise your position even though you are most likely already working there. The HRSDC (Human Resources and Skills Development Dept.) needs proper proof that attempts were made to find a Canadian employee. JobsBank and are two common websites to meet this objective.

Important new updates from HRDSC on LMO process as of July 2013

These changes have dramatically reduced the number of LMO applications as the process is now slower and more complex. It is expected that these reforms will softened as employers struggle to cope with the new process.

Starting from April 25, 2012, and as of july 2013 the HRSDC allows employers and their third-party representatives to make applications and submit materials for a LMO online. Although employers and representatives may encounter some technical challenges in the registration process, a web-based application will eventually help fasten the process. A web application may save the data entry time required by HRSDC to input the information on a paper application to their computer system, which may take one week or more.  Also, when a decision is made, the employer may obtain a copy of the approved opinion instantly, rather than days later with the arrival of the mail. Note HRSDC officers no longer fax out opinion letters, although some will still do at the request of the employer.


A positive LMO will not be issued if the officer reviewing the file believes that the hiring of a foreign worker will take a job away from qualified Canadians. This may happen if the requirements for the specified job are too broad, or the skills needed to perform job tasks are not particularly specialized, and therefore easy to fill.

When conducting recruitment in Canada, employers should be sure to carefully construct their advertisements to reflect the specific skills needed for the position. They should be aware that requiring competency in a language other than English or French is only allowed if the employer can demonstrate that knowledge of the language is essential. Providing a report of recruitment efforts and responses from interested candidates will strengthen one’s argument.

Canada is a very wealthy and generous country so employment opportunities will always come. Don’t lose hopes. There are millions of Foreign nationals working and living in Canada now. We love Canada as much as they love us.

If you are a foreign national looking to settle or relocate in Canada, please contact us today.
If you are looking for a job in Canada, please visit our  Canada Job Search Tool.

Getting a Job in Canada

If you have job skills that Canada needs, Canada will wel­come you.

Well-​​educated, pro­fes­sional peo­ple will find it eas­i­est to get jobs, as will those with tech­ni­cal skills, par­tic­u­larly in infor­ma­tion tech­nol­ogybiotech, and resource-​​based indus­tries, such as oil and gas. The country’s tourism indus­try is another source of jobs.

If you’re try­ing to find out where the best job prospects are in var­i­ous regions of Canada, check the Canadian government’s Labor Market Information site.

Canadian Job listings

The Canadian gov­ern­ment runs a nation­wide Job Bank site that lists thou­sands of jobs in many dif­fer­ent indus­tries and regions.

Another government-​​run site, Working in Canada, enables you to search by pro­fes­sion and loca­tion to see both spe­cific job post­ings and gen­eral infor­ma­tion about the mar­ket for the type of job you’re seeking.

Other Canadian online job-​​posting sites:

CareerClick​.com links to news­pa­per clas­si­fied ads nationwide.

More resources for job seek­ers, by province:

Need help get­ting a Canadian work per­mit? We offer a refer­ral ser­vice can con­nect you to a qual­i­fied immi­gra­tion consultant.

How to find a Job in Canada: What You Need to Know

More than ever, Canada is in need of qualified workers in a range of professions. From nurses to miners, food servers to IT professionals, employers in Canada are increasingly looking beyond their own borders to meet their employment needs.
When living abroad, finding a job in Canada can seem like a daunting task. Thankfully, a few tips can help demystify the process, and with a little luck you could be on your way to a new life and career in Canada!

Step 1: Know the Job Market
Before looking for jobs, you should take some time to learn about the labour environment for your specific occupation in Canada. It is important to ask yourself important questions about your job search goals, such as:
What is the average salary for my job in Canada? Does it vary by location?
You can use the  Monster’s  Canada Salary Calculator to find the answer to this question

Step 2: Search for a Job

There is no ‘right’ way to search for a job in Canada. A good place to start is to think of any connections you might have in the country. Look through your social networks to find out if you have friends or family (or friends-of-friends, etc) with ties to Canada or your profession. If you have no personal ties, you may want to consider contacting professionals working in your field in Canada and asking to speak with them informally in order to learn more about the job market.
Of course, you do not need a professional network in Canada in order to begin your job search. There are a number of Canadian job posting websites that you may use to start your search today. Our Job Search Tool, which accesses job postings from across the country, is a good place to start.

When applying for jobs, it is important to remember that Canadian employers may look for certain things that differ from employers in your home country. For instance, it is important to provide a resume that conforms to Canadian professional standards. You can use our resume services  to make sure yours is up to par. If you are applying for any job opening, it is beneficial to include a cover letter explaining your qualifications and interest in the job.

Step 3: Securing a Job Offer

If you make it to step 3, congratulations! You are closer than ever to arriving in Canada. A job offer from a Canadian employer may be issued on either a temporary or permanent basis. Both can help bring you to Canada, but there are different processes for each. Usually, a Canadian employer will formally hire you by issuing a job offer letter. For immigration purposes, it is helpful that the job offer letter includes the following information:

  • Salary and benefits
  • Working hours
  • Description of job duties
  • Printed on company letterhead
  • Signed by employer and employee

For semi-skilled occupations, the Federal government requires the use of a standardized employment contract, if you are being hired from abroad.

Important note: While rare, fraudulent job offers do occur. You should exercise good judgement when receiving a job offer from an employer abroad. Remember that a genuine offer of employment will not ask you to pay money or provide your credit card information.

Step 4: Learn what are my rights as a employee?
All Canadians are entitled to a minimum wage and vacation benefits. Social benefits such as healthcare may vary from province to province.

  • Do I need Federal/Provincial certification to practice in Canada?
  • Are my skills in high demand in a certain part of Canada?
  • Find out by browsing for your occupation in different provinces and cities.
  • Is my job considered ‘high’ or ‘low’ skilled in Canada?


Step 5: Come to Canada
An offer of temporary employment can be issued for varying lengths of time, from a few days to a few years. If successful, you will receive a Temporary Work Permit to work in this position. You will come to Canada for a specified period of time as a temporary foreign worker, and you will be restricted to working only for the job written on your permit. If you do wish to change employers once in Canada, you would need to apply for and receive a new work permit. This can be done from inside Canada.
If your offer of employment is permanent in nature, you can use it as support for a permanent residency application. Many popular immigration programs, such as the Federal Skilled Worker Program, have streams dedicated to processing applications that include a full-time Canadian job offer. While the Federal Skilled Worker Program had placed a strict cap on application intake, individuals with arranged employment in Canada are not subject to these caps.

Whether temporary or permanent, a job in Canada will give you invaluable experience, and may be a stepping stone for a future life in the country. For some, a job will fall into place quickly, while for others the search may last longer. No matter what, it is important to keep your focus on your ultimate personal and professional goals. With persistence, you can make them a reality.

in order to capture that a job offer  you need to polish your CV . To find out more about how to do it   or  simply check out in the direct site here 

Relocation Referral Service

Need help plan­ning your move to Canada or set­tling in after your arrival?

We offer a  refer­ral ser­vice to con­nect you to trusted ser­vice providers.

Need help with paper­work for immi­grat­ing to Canada?
Need advice about taxes, invest­ments, or cross-​​border finance?
Want a refer­ral to a local real estate agent?
Looking for a mov­ing com­pany expert in cross-​​border relocation?
Need help apply­ing for work visas, stu­dent visas, or per­ma­nent res­i­dency?
Interested in a “get acquainted” tour of the city where you’re think­ing of living?
Want to find a good school to learn or study English?

If you’re look­ing for help with any of these aspects of your Canada relo­ca­tion, or if you want advice about how to get started, Go to our services page here


Cómo entrar a una universidad de Canada

  Los estudiantes internacionales comienzan a “invadir” los centros universitarios canadienses: más 200 mil se registraron el pasado curso escolar, según el Statics Canada


De acuerdo al Department of  Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) las universidades de Vancouver  ocupa el segundo lugar en este ranking.

En un post anterior hablamos del primer requisito a considerar: el TOEFL o el IELTS. Ahora, les presento los pasos a seguir para entrar sin dificultad, y tal vez con la matrícula pagada, a un centro de educación superior en Canada. Las dos palabras que pueden definir esta entrada son: preparación y meticulosidad.

1. Define tus prioridades: piensa en las materias por las que sientes más afinidad. A partir de ahí, toca considerar un cierto número de profesiones que se avengan al perfil de cada uno, si se está dispuesto a asumir los sacrificios que exigen, balancear pros y contras, pero sobre todo, como encaja uno en esas posibles profesiones. En Canada, en algunos casos los estudiantes no entran a la licenciatura con la especialidad definida. La carrera se define a partir del último semestre del segundo año.

2. Identificar las universidades que cuentan con un programa más completo según la conveniencia del aspirante: Las universidades y departamentos académicos cuentan con páginas web bastante útiles para los curiosos o potenciales estudiantes. Primero que todo, visitar la página de Admisiones (contiene información sobre los requisitos para la solicitud). Luego, dar un paseíto por las páginas de los departamentos de interés (curiosear un poco sobre quiénes serán los posibles profesores, sus áreas de investigación y publicaciones pues facilita pensar en nuestras futuras opciones de trabajo y en potenciales tutores).

3. Investigar cuáles son las fuentes de ayuda financiera, becas y otras posibilidades de apoyo económico que se ofertan en Canada, no sólo en las universidades que se elijan sino también por parte de agencias y empresas en el país de origen. Si no es suficiente la información del sitio en Internet, comunicarse directamente por –email o teléfono- con el departamento académico.

4. Tal vez sea necesario también considerar la ubicación geográfica, si esta satisface algunos de nuestros intereses intelectuales y recreacionales; investigar un poco sobre la vida estudiantil.

5. Y cuando se hayan revisado todas las opciones, hacer una lista de las universidades favoritas o más convenientes.

6. Considerando que los plazos de recepción de solicitudes vencen entre diciembre y enero (si se aspira a una beca), es recomendable dedicarse entre septiembre y diciembre a conseguir:

• Solicitud de transcripciones oficiales de rendimiento académico.

• Profesores recomendantes (generalmente 3).

• Confirmar cualquier otro requisito.

7. Preparación para las pruebas estandarizadas: SAT (estudiantes que persiguen la licenciatura) y GRE (estudios graduados). En otro post hablaré de estos exámenes. Es aconsejable preparase y tomar la prueba al menos entre agosto y octubre, pues los resultados pueden demorar hasta dos meses y medio.

8. Entre noviembre y diciembre: completar los formularios de solicitud. Generalmente se llenan por Internet en el mismo sitio web de la universidad. De ahí también se descargan los formularios de recomendación en caso de que deban ser enviados por correo regular. En otros casos, los recomendantes reciben una notificación con un link desde donde acceden al formulario de recomendación.

9. Importantísimo: escribir un excelente ensayo de presentación donde se exponga el propósito de los estudios.

10. Preparar una lista de verificación (checklist) para no ‘saltarse’ ningún paso o requisito (particularmente quienes aspiran a maestrías y doctorados, pues a veces los departamentos académicos tienen otros requerimientos, además de los de la escuela graduada).

Después de este largo proceso solo queda, entre marzo y abril, estar pendientes de los correos electrónicos. Las respuestas comienzan a llegar por esa fecha: rechazos y bienvenidas. A veces, tocará  esperar al siguiente año con la esperanza de contar con mejor suerte.



For Canadian employers, the job-posting process can be frustrating, time-consuming, and unreliable. It can be a lot of work to sort through stacks of resumes, call up candidates, and do interviews – and this doesn’t always produce the best hire. Because so many employers try to avoid the process, approximately 80% of jobs never get listed at all.

These unlisted jobs make up “Canada’s hidden job market” and are most commonly accessed by potential employees through personal contacts and/or networking. The importance of personal contacts and networking cannot be stressed enough in the context of finding work in Canadian society.

However, for those of us who have exhausted our personal contacts and networks or for those who are looking for immediate employment, advertised jobs are another option to securing employment. Because employers typically only spend 20-30 seconds reviewing resumes, it is vital that when responding to advertised jobs potential candidates write tailored resumes and cover letters for each position applied to. Candidates should also demonstrate that they have the key skills and qualifications that the employer has outlined in the job description and that they discuss why they are interested in the organization based on conducting research on the organization they wish to work for.  CHECK THESE POPULAR JOB SEARCH WEBSITES.

Here’s the list of ALL recognized Canadian educational institutes eligible for OCWP+PGWP, listed according to province:



1. Alberta – Open to students of all provinces. Have obtained a diploma, degree, or have completed a graduate level program from a publicly funded community college, trade/technical school or university in Alberta or Canada, or at a private  institution in Alberta authorized by provincial statute to confer degrees.
Have graduated from a Canadian educational program that was a minimum of two years in length at the undergraduate level or a minimum of one year at the graduate level. Those who study skilled trade qualifications, will have to apply under Compulsory and optional trades criteria with a skilled job offer in their trade (as part of strategic recruitment stream). NO requirement to work for certain months.
There is also a Engineering occupations criteria, again as part of the strategic recruitment stream.

2. NL – If course done form NL province, then no need to work for any duration. 1 can directly apply for PNP nomination , provided they have a skilled job offer (NOC O,A or B), in their field of study. Outside NL province students, need to work for 12 months in a skilled job before applying for NL PNP.

3. Ontario – Only for Ontario based universities -Master and PHD graduates.. no job offer needed, direct PNP provided, 1 meets certain conditions such as showing 11,083$ consistently fr past 6 months (at the time of applying without job). One need to spend atleast 1 year in Ontario and can apply in the final sem of their studies (like if Master is of more than 1 year). 1000 limit only for Master degree students. For graduates (in or outside Ontario  students) who are not Master or PHD degree holders.. whole set of rules including getting a skilled job offer from a pre- approved employer. No need to work for certain number of months, and direct PNP nomination if shown skilled approved employer ‘s job offer. — Ontario immigration website not working for some reason (as on today -12th April 2013)

4. Manitoba– need to get ANY FULL TIME job with a SINGLE employer, do that same job for min. 6 months, and then apply for PNP.
Currently working in Manitoba: Applications are accepted from temporary foreign workers and international student graduates who have been working full-time for at least six months and whose employer has offered a full-time, long-term job.
Recently, they have removed much detailed information regarding international graduate PNP stream, and have just mentioned briefly, putting it together with temporary foreign workers.

5. B.C – Usually should have completed a min. 12 months course in or outside B.C. Should have pursued an approved degree programme form an approved educational institute. Should have a full time skilled (NOC O,A or B) job offer. The job offer must be from an approved employer. There is no need to work for certain number of months.

The BC PNP will also consider applications for positions under Skill Levels C and D of the NOC Matrix where the employer can demonstrate that there is a structured plan for career progression to an occupation at Skill Level 0, A or B. Nominee applicants whose eligibility is based on a job offer in a NOC C or D occupation may be required to submit a language proficiency test.

There is another Entry Level and Semi-Skilled stream for foreign workers, where  NOC C and D jobs  are usually considered under 2 years pilot project in Northeast Development Region of B.C for 3 specific sectors –
•Tourism and Hospitality
•Long-Haul Trucking
•Food Processing
where, applicants need to gain 9 months work experience. So, students after getting PGWP..can go for PR via this route too.
To know more about this B.C PNP pilot Entry Level and Semi-Skilled stream see:

There is also a pilot project for Post graduates of B.C universities in specific fields, ending on MAY 28 2013.

6. Saskatchewan– Master and Phd graduates of Saskatchewan based universities i.e Univ. of Sask and Univ. of Regina, get direct PNP nomination without a job offer, provided they fulfill certain conditions like showing min. 10,000$( for a single person)in bank a/c at the time of as to show proof, one can live for some time without a job. Other graduates of Sask based educational institutes need to do min. 6 months (960 hours) in any type of jobs like full time, part time, co-op, on campus..and at the end of 6 months/960 hours must have ANY full time job offer, and then apply for PNP. Outside Sask. students need to work any number of jobs for 1 year/ 1920 hours, and at the end of 1 year MUST have ANY full time job offer and then apply for PNP. So, Sask. PNP has a greater degree of flexibility. But no advantage in processing times for Sask. students… and it MAY take a longer time to get SINP applications processed under PGWP/other graduate with work ex. stream, as there are many many students rushing to Saks. these days..and hence the longer wait.

7. PEI – Must have a skilled full time job offer. Do it for 6 months.. and then be eligble for applying for PEI PNP. There are hosts of other conditions and requirements, which can be found on:

8. Quebec – Do any 2 acd. years/ 1800 hours UG diploma course or 2 UG courses combining to total 1800 hours of study in Quebec, or Bachelor/Master/PHD degrees.. in Quebec in FRENCH medium OR show intermediate FRENCH proficiency.. like passing DLEF B1 exam (with required marks of 16/25 in Listening and Speaking and overall minimum 50/100).. then direct CSQ/ Quebec selection certificate in 20 days under PEQ – Québec graduate stream . No questions asked but French intermediate level compulsory. In reality the easiest PR programme.. no work ex or job offer needed nor need to wok for any number of months… nothing. Another route is Quebec Regular program – Foreign student in Québec stream, which is points based where French was not compulsory till Dec. 2012..BUT from Jan 2013, Quebec govt. amended their charter of language, where ALL immigrants MUST know minimum Basic DELF A1 level proficiency… then, applicants need to get min. 55 points so as to get direct CSQ without interviewe or need for any adaptability points. It’s usually tough to get 55 points without doing a high in demand specific Quebec course and/or knowing minimum beginner level i.e DELF A1/A2 level French.


9. Federal CEC– International students need to find ANY full time skilled job in any province (outside Quebec) and do it for 1 year. Then, will be eligble for direct PR under federal CEC.

Job Opportunities for International Students in Canada

Yes! You can qualify as International Masters Graduate for PNP Ontario, for this you dont need job offer or doing job. Following are requirement;

In order to apply to Opportunities Ontario as an international Masters graduate in Ontario, students must:

Job opportunities for International Students through Ontario PNP

Intend to live and work in Ontario.

Have graduated from an existing Masters program at an eligible publicly funded university in Ontario. Have completed a minimum of one academic year degree program, while studying on a full-time basis. Apply within two years of the date on which their Masters degree was granted, or in the alternative, during the last semester of completing their degree. Currently be residing in Ontario.

  • Have legal status in Canada (i.e. study permit, work permit, temporary resident visa).
  • Refugee claimants and asylum seekers are not eligible for the program.
  • Demonstrate high official language proficiency (For English language proficiency – IELTS – General test with a minimum score of 7 or higher) (For French language proficiency – TEF – with a minimum score of 5 or higher).
  • Demonstrate a minimum level of savings/income to support themselves and their dependants.
  • Demonstrate at least one year of residence in Ontario in the past two years.
  • Not have further studies as their main activity in the province (e.g., pursuing a PhD or another degree/diploma). Graduates are allowed to pursue further studies, if those are necessary to meet registration requirements in a regulation occupation in Ontario.

You can read more about it here

Canada’s Top’s Job search websites

For Canadian employers, the job-posting process can be frustrating, time-consuming, and unreliable. It can be a lot of work to sort through stacks of resumes, call up candidates, and do interviews – and this doesn’t always produce the best hire. Because so many employers try to avoid the process, approximately 80% of jobs never get listed at all, the jobs are in the so called ‘ hidden market” which is e most commonly accessed by potential employees through personal contacts and/or networking.  So even before coming the  importance of personal contacts and networking cannot be stressed enough in the context of finding work in Canadian society.

However, every year, more than 130,000 students come to study in Canada, and even more to learn English or French, according to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC). Former International Trade Minister Stockwell Day acknowledged that the education of international students is one of Canada’s a major export industries, and should be developed even further.

The following is a brief list of Canada’s most popular job search websites. More links to job search websites that are specific to professional industries are also included below.

General Job Search Sites Careers

Canada’s Top 100 Employers

Career Builder

Career Jet


Eluta – The Search Engine for New Jobs in Canada

Government of Canada Careers

Headhunters Directory

Hot Jobs


Job Bank

Mazemaster – Youth Employment Link

Monster Canada

Canada Municipal Jobs

Possibilities: Toronto’s Online Employment Resource Centre

Riley Guide

Simply Hired

Top 100 Internet Sites for Learning and Job Searching

Toronto Jobs

The Vault




Wow Jobs

Accounting Job Search Sites

CA Source

Certified Management Accountants Society of British Colombia

Institute of Chartered Accountants Alberta

Institute of Chartered Accountants B.C.

Institute of Chartered Accountants Manitoba

Institute of Chartered Accountants Nova Scotia

Institute of Chartered Accountants Ontario

Institute of Chartered Accountants Quebec

Institute of Chartered Accountants Saskatchewan

Certified Professional Accountants

Society of Management Accountants Canada

Society of Management Accountants Ontario

Certified General Accountants Association of Manitoba

Certified General Accountants Association of New Brunswick

Certified General Accountants of Ontario

Certified General Accountants Association of Prince Edward Island

Certified Professional Accountants of Quebec

Advertising, Marketing & Communications Job Search Sites

Advertising Age

Marketing Magazine

Outdoor Advertising Association of Canada

Strategy Magazine

Biotechnology Job Search Sites

Biotechnology Human Resource Council



Construction/Trades Job Search Sites

Construction Careers

Construction Sector Council

Made with the Trades

Toronto Construction Association

Education and Teaching Job Search Sites

Apply to Teach Network

AUCC University Affairs

Education Canada Network

Jobs in Education

The Manitoba Teacher’s Society

Ontario Secondary School Teachers’ Foundation

Saskatchewan Teachers’ Federation

Teaching Jobs

Engineering Job Search Sites

Canadian Technical Employment Network

Engineering Central

Ontario Association of Certified Engineering Technicians and Technologists

Environment Job Search Sites

Health Job Search Sites

Canadian Nursing Index

Canadian Society for Epidemiology and Biostatistics

Canadian Society for International Health

Opticians Association of Canada

Information Technology Job Search Sites

BC Technology

Canada Computer Work

Canada IT

Canada’s Association of Information Technology Professionals

Head Hunter

Hi Tech Career

International Webmasters Association

Information Technology Association of Canada


Position Watch

Webgrrls International

Wired Woman Society;jsessionid=B2C87E3C53FF1042B943B7155D8CF518.mc0?sitePageId=1718

Insurance Job Search Sites

Manufacturing Job Search Sites

Careers in Plastics

Wood Manufacturing Council

Mathematics and Statistics Job Search Sites

Canadian Mathematical Society

Be An Actuary

Society of Actuaries

Statistics Society of Canada

Oil and Mining Job Search Sites

Petroleum Services Association of Canada

Science Job Search Sites (see also Biotechnology Job Search Sites)

Canadian Association of Physicists

Chemical Institute of Canada

Como Viajar Barato en Canada

¿Conoce Canadá? ¿Está en sus planes viajar a este país? Canadá es uno de los países más grandes del mundo y también uno de los más poderosos pues forma parte del G8.

Debido a su gran desarrollo presenta enormes y modernas ciudades. También cuenta con hermosos paisajes y aunque se encuentre muy próximo a los Estados Unidos, se trata de un país muy diferente. A pesar de su gran extensión territorial presenta una baja tasa poblacional, razón por la cual presenta políticas favorables para la migración. Lo cierto es que Canadá resulta ser un destino atractivo para todo viajero.

Por ello, en el presente tema le diremos cómo hacer para conocer Canadá sin tener que gastar mucho dinero en alojamiento, puesto que debido a su gran territorio, sus ciudades más hermosas están bastante distanciadas, por ejemplo, entre Vancouver y Montreal, o Toronto y el centro de ski de Calgary. Si puede visitar todos estos hermosos lugares, le garantizamos disfrutar y maravillarse cada minuto de su estadía en este país.

El viajero que quiere conocer Canadá primero debe recordar que la moneda oficial es el dólar canadiense. Si desea ver el tipo de cambio puede ingresar a cualquier página especializada en conversión de monedas, como por ejemplo: Otro dato que debe saber es que las tarjetas de crédito Visa, Mastercard y American Express son aceptadas sin problemas, aunque es preferible llevar cheques de viaje en moneda canadiense.

Como todo país desarrollado y globalizado, Canadá cuenta con varios aeropuertos internacionales: Pierre Elliott Trudeau -Montreal, Pearson -Toronto y Vancouver. Así que es recomendable que averigüe cuál de estos aeropuertos lo dejará más cerca al lugar que desea visitar. Para aquellos turistas que lleguen de Europa vía marítima, a través de cruceros, debe saber que el único puerto por donde podrán desembarcar es el de Montreal. Para una información más exacta puede revisar la página web:

Si desea conocer más de una ciudad canadiense y no dispone de mucho tiempo, entonces debería viajar en avión, por Air Canadá ( o WestJet Airlines ( Para adquirir pasajes de avión, tours turísticos y habitaciones de hoteles, nos puede contactar o puedes ingresar a las paginas de las lineas aereas compre su ticket de ida/vuelta pues no le dejaran entrar con un ticket de entrada nada mas.

Es importante mencionar que las distancias entre ciudades son bastante largas por lo que muchos prefieren viajar en avión. Sin embargo, si usted dispone con tiempo y desea ahorrar dinero, puede elegir viajar por ferrocarril de la Compañía Vía Rail Canadá, que recorre más de 450 lugares canadienses. Visite   tambien, vea  las 25 cosas que ver y hace en Canada.


La página web de esta compañía es, también presenta una versión en español para quienes no dominan el inglés ni el francés. La ventaja de viajar por tren es que le permite al turista conocer mejor el territorio de Canadá. Solo debe comprar la tarjeta Canrailpass, la cual le permitirá viajar 7 veces, durante 21 días, por todo el país.

Si prefiere viajar en bus, puede contratar los servicios de la compañía de autobuses Greyhound Bus Company ( Como habrá visto todas las compañías de transporte cuentan con páginas web, a través de las cuales puede realizar sus compras de pasajes vía online.

Alojamiento. Los precios por habitación varían, puede encontrar hoteles desde 82 hasta 267 dólares canadienses. Para mayor información sobre hoteles consulte la siguiente página: .

Si está buscando algo muchísimo más barato, entonces debería optar por buscar hostales o bed & breadfast, cuyos precios van desde 13 a 47 dólares canadienses. Para hostales ingrese a la siguiente web:

Todo turista disfruta mejor su viaje si obtiene buenos servicios sin afectar tanto su economía. La búsqueda de un hotel barato es uno de las actividades principales que debe hacer todo viajero antes de emprender su nueva aventura. Para ello, lo primero que debe definir es cuántas habitaciones desea, por cuántos días y, obviamente, cuál es el monto máximo que puede pagar por alojamiento.

La relación que les presentaremos a continuación, contiene los sites (portales web) más recomendados por su amplia información sobre hoteles en diversas ciudades del mundo, entre las cuales obviamente se encuentra Canadá. Para que acceda a esta información es necesario que emplee el Internet. Así podrá saber qué hoteles hay en Canadá, cuáles son más baratos e, incluso, realizar reservas de habitaciones con anticipación.
Este portal le pide al usuario que indique la ciudad de destino, así como la fecha de su estadía, para que de esta manera obtenga información según sus requerimientos. Finalmente, el usuario obtendrá tres tipos de resultados según las siguientes categorías: hoteles con mejor calidad – precio, hoteles más populares y hoteles de categoría. Los hoteles que aparecen en la lista de cada grupo están ordenados de menor a mayor precios, es decir, los primero siempre serán los más baratos.
Esta página web ofrece una gran lista de hoteles según la ciudad de destino que elija el usuario o turista. El objetivo principal de este sitio web es asegurarse de que el viajero reciba el mejor alojamiento posible. No puede dejar de revisar la información que brinda esta página web, pues cuenta con una lista de hoteles bastante grande, además, también permite una búsqueda según el precio que indique el usuario.
Se trata de una versión latinoamericana de la página Este portal le permite al usuario realizar una búsqueda de hoteles y vuelos baratos. La información sobre hoteles se encuentra clasificada según categoría del hotel, por orden alfabético y por recomendaciones del propio sitio web.
Este site cuenta con un interfaz que facilita la búsqueda de hoteles en Canadá, pues también brinda una breve descripción de cada uno de ellos. Asimismo, el usuario puede verificar si el hotel que elija se encuentra disponible durante la fecha de su viaje.

La lista de hoteles que presenta este portal web está basada, principalmente, en las experiencias de los usuarios registrados, así que los mejores hoteles siempre aparecerán en primer lugar.

Recuerde que en territorio canadiense existen muchísimos parques temáticos sobre culturas aborígenes de Norteamérica. La mayoría de estos parques se encuentra en Vancouver, no se pierda de conocerlos.

Por último, procure realizar su reserva de hotel con bastante tiempo de anticipación, pues ello le permitirá conseguir mejores precios (más baratos). Si quieres gastar menos de lo esperado viaja a tu destino en temporada baja, cuando se ofrecen mayores ofertas y descuentos. Eso sí, averigüe cuáles son las desventajas de viajar en temporada baja, pues a veces se convierte en un problema, sobre todo, cuando está relacionado con cambios climáticos.



¿Quiénes lo pueden hacer?

Pueden efectuar una solicitud de asilo (refugee protection claim) en Canadá las personas que necesitan protección.

Según las leyes canadienses, el gobierno de Canadá es el encargado de decidir si una persona necesita asilo por encontrarse dentro de alguna de las siguientes categorías:

Refugiado amparado por la Convención (Convention Refugee):

Un refugiado amparado por la convención es una persona que se encuentra fuera de su país de origen o de residencia habitual y no puede o no quiere regresar a su país, por temor a ser perseguido por motivos de su raza, religión, opiniones políticas, nacionalidad o pertenencia a un determinado grupo social.

Persona que necesita protección:

Una persona que necesita protección es aquella que se encuentra en Canadá y que, de ser expulsada a su país de origen o de residencia habitual, posiblemente correría el riesgo de ser torturada, de recibir un trato o pena cruel o inusual, o incluso perder la vida.

¿Cómo hacerlo?

Las solicitudes de asilo pueden efectuarse en la frontera canadiense (incluso en el aeropuerto en caso de haber llegado al país en un vuelo internacional) o en una oficina del Ministerio de Ciudadanía e Inmigración de Canadá (Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC)) (1) en Canadá. Para obtener más información, comuníquese con el CIC llamando a:

Gratuitamente: 1-888-242-2100 (dentro de Canadá)

Si llega a Canadá desde los Estados Unidos, debe saber que se aplican las disposiciones del Tratado del Tercer País Seguro (Safe Third Country Provisions) que limitan el derecho de efectuar una solicitud de reconocimiento de la condición de refugiado en Canadá. Como norma general, las disposiciones establecen que si una persona intenta efectuar una solicitud en Canadá ingresando primero a EE.UU. se la enviará nuevamente a EE.UU. para tramitar la solicitud en ese país. Para obtener más información sobre este tema, comuníquese con el Consejo Canadiense para los Refugiados (Canadian Council for Refugees (CCR)) (2):

En Montreal: 514-277-7223

También puede consultar con el CIC a los números antes mencionados.

Después de hacer la solicitud, el CIC decidirá si usted es elegible para la derivación (o envío) de la solicitud a la Comisión de Inmigración y Refugiados (Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB)) (3) para una audiencia, o al CIC para la evaluación de los riesgos antes de la expulsión (Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA)) (4).

Como parte del proceso de decisión, un funcionario del CIC lo entrevistará y le hará preguntas sobre su identidad, sus antecedentes y sobre cómo llegó a Canadá. Para recabar esta información, es posible que le pidan que rellene el formulario del Anexo 1 (Schedule 1 form) antes de la entrevista. Pida ayuda si le solicitan que llene este formulario.

Existen varios servicios comunitarios de consultoría legal (Community Legal Clinics) (5) que pueden ayudarlo a llevar adelante el proceso de solicitud de reconocimiento de la condición de refugiado.

Si usted desea más información al respeto comuníquese con las siguientes oficinas.

(1) Ministerio de Ciudadanía e Inmigración de Canadá (Citizenship and Immigration Canada o CIC):

(2) Consejo Canadiense para los Refugiados (Canadian Council for Refugees o CCR):