Archive for July, 2012

Canada Visa Scheme for Student Entrepreneurs

The Canadian  government has longing for  plans for a new visa route which will encourage budding entrepreneurs to stay on in the country.   The proposals, which will not come into effect probably by or around  2013, are thought to characterise an immigration policy which is prioritising quality over quantity.   Jason Kenney, the immigration minister, said  that reforms to the immigration system were working: “The first small signs of the beneficial effects of these policies are just beginning to show up, with a 11% fall in student visas and a 17% fall in work visas in the latest quarterly figures compared with a year previously.”   Mr Kenney  reiterated his intention to make the immigration system “sustainable”, making reference to the government’s decision to change the rules surrounding post-study visas. From April, not all international graduates will be able to stay and look for work. Instead, only those with a concrete job offer when they graduate can stay.  

MrKenney did, however, have in plans to announce a new visa route for international graduate entrepreneurs – described as “those international students who have engaged in supervised entrepreneurial activity during their university studies in Canada  and who want to stay on after their studies to develop their ideas”. This new selective visa category will enable recipients to remain in  Canada  for two years, and will be available from April 2013.   Said the immigration minister, “We have talked in the past about changes in the Points Based System. In the future it will be more accurate to talk about a contribution-based system. Whether you come here to work, study, or get married, we as a country are entitled to check that you will add to the quality of life in Canada.”  

The measures have been criticised in some quarters: opponents say that the curbing of students’ work rights will damage the education sector and its value to the economy.   Mr Kenney, though, defended the proposals: “There is scope for further examination of whether and to what extent foreign student tuition fees boost the Canadian economy and crucially how Canadian  residents ultimately benefit from that. We need a better understanding of the economic and social costs and benefits of student migration: from the point of view of the wider Canadian  economy, the education sector itself and the students themselves.   “There needs to be a focus on quality rather than quantity. The principle of selectivity should apply to student migration just as it does to work migration.”

Related

Atracting and retaining international students

Immigration and visa articles international assignments recruitment training and development

 

How to have a succesful job hunt in Canada

Job hunting is tough for new immigrants in Canada

Canada, 9th September: As per the figures revealed by Statistics Canada, nearly two-thirds of new immigrants having university degrees are finding it difficult to get jobs in the chosen field so many have resorted to self-employment.   And this is especially true for immigrants who don’t have the required work experience in their related field.   In the event of being without jobs in Canada, many immigrants, especially newcomers are forced to work on part-time jobs or lower-paid jobs in Canada, the report by StatsCan maintains.  

Getting a job

1. Getting the Job – It’s not WHAT you know it’s WHO you know

 Getting jobs is all about who you know, not what you know.  Yes, networking and connections are probably the best way to go about getting a job and reflect the best use of time. But networking and who you know need to be combined with a strong sense of what kind of jobs to pursue.

 Getting a job in the business world can be easier if you know people and have a social network.   Although, Canada government has been trying to help new immigrants by offering various employment courses like S.U.C.C.E.S.S.( for instance in B.C.(British Columbia program for immigrants), however, still several immigrants have to struggle a lot before landing a job in Canada.   The fact is that many immigrants arriving in Canada and deciding to stay and work here possess requisite skills, professional or university degrees and have good proficiency in English, but that does not get them a job in the respective field so they resort to self employment or business of their own.   A immigrant from Argentina, Veronica Grigio has a university degree in the field of anthropology, but she is currently working at the Italian Cultural Centre as a receptionist. She intends to get further education in Vancouver University to improve her chances of getting a job in Canada in medical anthropology.   She is not alone. In fact, there are several doctors who are currently working as cabbies in Canada and many engineers who work as cleaners while those having degree in anthropology are seen working at low paid jobs in Canada.   No wonder, the average weekly wage for immigrant workers in the age group of 25-54 years happens to be $2.28 an hour while that of Canadian born workforce in the same age group is around $23.72 an hour.

2. Start Early  

The experts agree that networking is not a last-minute effort, relationships take time to cultivate.  Even if they already have a job, or are committing to school full time, students should still look for new contacts with people in their field.

3. Network Online  

Students and seasoned professionals should look to online networking sites like LinkedIn or Facebook to help establish contacts.   LinkedIn allows users to see different levels of connectivity to other people (whether you’re a second or third connection to someone), which can help students reach out to people more directly than cold calling.

4. Stay in Touch 

Establishing contacts takes work, and it is the person’s responsibility to keep connections going. Staying in touch with people by keeping them apprised of what you’re doing, what your interests are, what skills you have developed, and what jobs or opportunities you are looking for.

 

Attend business functions such as networking business breakfast meetings, lunches, cocktail mixers and the like. Carry LOTS of business cards and practice your elevator speech (a short intro of yourself and your chosen field of expertise).

Join the Chamber of Commerce, Better Business Bureau or other business related affiliation. Do you strive to be a freelancer? Join the Freelancer’s Union.

Keep checking  the newspaper for updated business listings, if someone got a promotion doing exactly what you would like to do, write them an email or a letter asking for advice or perhaps to setup a meeting and bring a writing tablet with you. They will most likely be very impressed that you had the gumption to put your best foot forward.

Remember, education is a great tool, but experience and knowing the right people is a must.

SUM UP?

Company want lots diplomas, experience, skills but they do not want to pay.

Getting jobs is all about who you know, not what you know. I have a friend who has 1 yr entry-level experience in a Colombian newspaper company, and she applied for an entry-level position at famous Toronto newspaper, and wasn’t even shortlisted for a phone interview (first step before in-person interview). I have another friend who barely passed undergrad, has no relevant work experience (just a couple of weak co-op terms), and got a job in that newspaper! right after graduation.
 

Jobs are not getting filled because Canadian companies are asking for the moon in qualifications and then those they do hire with those qualifications show they cannot do the job. They have not experience. Theory is one thing, putting it into practice is another. Canada is losing productivity because they are letting experienced people sit on the sidelines because they don’t have X,Y, or Z degrees. Some of the brghtest minds and richest people in the world don’t have degrees.  Doesn’t stop them from thinking and being creative and functioning well.  (we are not putting down highter education with this)  but education is not necessarily  a stepping stone to  a job.  Canadian companies need to smarten up or get lost in the rest of the world’s dust in the global marketplace.

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Canadian immigrants: How to be succesful through self-employment

 In the wake of declining opportunities of employment in Canada, a large number of immigrants, especially women immigrants, are quick to become self-employed.   

This has been revealed by the findings of a latest study by Statistics Canada.   Increasing self employment among female immigrants—The study findings show that although sons of immigrants in Canada are reluctant to become self-employed, but their sisters are showing increased tendency in this regard. The findings further stated that the rate of self-employment is considerably higher among immigrants as compared to their Canada born counterparts.   Rate of immigrants taking up self-employment is nearly five percent higher than that Canada born citizens, the findings assert. And this is especially true of second-generation females whose rate of self-employment is quite above than their moms. Among males, self-employment plunged by nearly two percent but went up by 2 percent among females.  

Self employment rate went up from 6 percent to 7 percent for Canada born females whose parents are immigrants. And the rate of self employment also zoomed to 7 percent from 5 percent for Canada-born moms having Canada-born parents. Canada-born fathers had a higher rate of self-employment as compared to the generation of their sons.   The study reiterates that Canada born males with immigrant parents in the ages between 25 and 44 years had low rate of self employment s compared to their immigrant parents around 25 years ago.   In the year 2006, self employment rate among Canada-born males with immigrant parents was 12 percent as compared to the self employment rate of 14 percent among immigrant fathers in the year 1981. Meanwhile, the number of Canada-born sons of Canada-born parents taking to self-employment is said to be 10 percent. In Canada  as a self-employed person, you must have relevant experience in cultural activities, athletics or farm management. You must also have the intention and ability to establish a business that will, at a minimum, create employment for yourself. You must make a significant contribution to cultural activities or athletics or purchase and manage a farm in Canada.  

  Fact Factors behing self-employment

Factors behind self-employment among new immigrants—Majority of  new immigrants find it difficult to get suitable jobs. And this pushes them to take up self-employment  or becoming an entreprenuer after coming to Canada. Normally, coming into Canada as an entrepreneur, you basically have to have lots of cash because they’re expecting you to start a business (and employ other Canadians). That is the main focus of immigration, it seems — how is your being there benefiting Canada. Nothing generates jobs like a thriving economy so some fields are always ‘hotter’ than others.  Below I offer a couple of links o the latest Canadian hottest occupations.

Canada Hottest  Occupations

In the early 2000’s  ( Click here to see some of Canada’s hottest jobs.).  Then by 2011 careers as technologists, technicians and technical specialists in applied sciences are the  growing tech rapidly in occupations including health, computer technology, telecommunications and various engineering and architectural support roles. Today or in 2012
you can find the Canadian 50 best-paying, highest-demand career choices here, but  there are more higher paying and stable jobs in Canada that are missing in these report specially when it comes to self employment or creating your own job. 

 

Canada Labor Market

Canada labor market is complaining about “lack of workers”…. while workers cant find jobs in Canada.   And this imbalance is affecting health of Canada labor market while they say that market is growing, companies are getting bigger and bigger, it is still really hard to find a good related position for a foreigner.   A large number of aboriginals and new immigrants can’t find good jobs. In such a scenario, they are looking up to become self-reliant by resorting to self-employment.  

Self-employment has increased significantly since the early 1990s, when less than 16% of the province’s workforce was self-employed. By 2008, nearly one in five workers in the BC province in Canada  for instance was self employed and in Ontario it’s  been having growing a bigger rate.  Being your own boss isn’t risk free.  It can be very satisfying, and in some cases, very lucrative, but there are a lot of self-employed people who don’t succeed in their endeavours. Those who do succeed often spend long hours, and invest a lot of time and effort into building up their business. It might not be the right choice for you, but self-employment is an option you should consider when planning your careerFind out about  entrepreneurial training and consultancy here

There is something incredibly empowering about Self employment or creating your own jobs or seizing control of your life and creating the job you want, rather than waiting for it to happen or waiting for someone to give it to you. You are no longer a passive viewer of the world, but someone actively changing it. You become your own boss, pursuing your own goals. That’s incredible.

Part of the reason it’s feasible now to create your own job is because the Internet makes it possible for us to market ourselves cheaply and sell goods and services without having a brick-and-mortar stores. This opens a world of opportunities. 

Most jobs are not getting filled because Canadian companies are asking for the moon in qualifications and then those they do hire with those qualifications show they cannot do the job. Theory is one thing, putting it into practice is another. Canada is losing productivity because they are letting experienced people sit on the sidelines because they don’t have X,Y, or Z degrees. Some of the brightest minds and richest people in the world don’t have degre4es–we are not bashing high or good education though– but you can have all the university degrees or titles in the World and if you have cero practice or experience? WHAT?  I tell you: you won’t help any company.  Education is the last part of the CV for a reason.  Not having a MBA or PH Doesn’t stop those of  the brightest and most succesful business  from thinking and being creative and functioning well. Canadian companies need to smarten up or get lost in the rest of the world’s dust in the global marketplace. Brake the mold and create your own job!

Canada Employee Sponsored visas

Canadian Company Sponsorship

These work visas are designed for Canadian Companies  that are able to recruit highly skilled workers either from overseas or from people temporarily in Canada where an employer has been unable to fill their recruitment needs from the Canadian labour market or through their own training efforts. There are both temporary visa options and permanent visa options. Below is an outline of these visas:

Temporary Sponsorship Options
Canadian businesses that need to have their skilled positions filled but cannot find workers from within the Canadian labour force, can sponsor personnel from overseas on a temporary basis, to work in  Canada for up to 4 years.

The most common visa available under the temporary arrangements is:

Sponsorship by Canadian or overseas businesses
There are 3 steps in the application process to bring in temporary overseas staff:

Sponsorship
Business sponsorship approval must be obtained by the business wishing to sponsor overseas workers. The business demonstrates that it is of good standing, shows the benefits of an overseas employee, and provides adequate training plans and expenditure. Employers are required to meet a number of undertakings in relation to the sponsored employee.   For instance  licensed  lawyers will personally meet with the  Canadian Employer and provide any documentation required for the process.   License Canadian lawyers  will compile and professionally submit the application by mail.  Oline applications would  only be safe within Canada , as this  method of application could provide quicker processing times.

Nomination
The nomination must relate to an occupation that meets a minimum skills threshold covering managerial, professional, associate professional and trade occupations.  Check  for instance (BC PNP) . An occupation is selected and you need to meet the correct qualifications and work experience that pertains to that occupation. There are criteria applicable for the nomination and licensed lawyers will provide the information required to both the Canadian company and the nominee to ensure that a comprehensive application is submitted.

Visa Application
The overseas skilled employee that is nominated must apply for a visa to enter and remain in  Canada. The application will need to demonstrate that they have the skills and qualifications applicable to the nominated occupation. Other criterion needs to be met and licensed migration lawyers will provide the required information to the applicant and will professionally compile and submit the application by mail or in person  for priority processing.

Study and Work in Canada

Study and Work in Canada  

You are considered to be an ‘international student’ if you come to Canada, on a temporary basis, for the purpose of pursuing an accredited course of study.  To study in Canada, international students require a study permit, and in some cases a temporary resident visa, issued by Canada immigration authorities outside of Canada.  

  For more information on what you need to secure permission to study in Canada, consult the website of Citizenship and Immigration Canada.  This same blog explains how study and work experience in Canada in some posts and what can make you eligible for permanent residence in Canada in the “Canadian Experience” category.      

Working while you are a student in Canada      

As an international student in Canada you can get a job which will allow you to earn money and valuable work experience too.   In fact the Government of Canada offers special kinds of work permits just for you. 

There are three ways to benefit from work opportunities:

   •If you are a full-time student you can work on  the university campus you are registered  for up to 20 hours per week as soon as your academic program begins.

•Once you have completed six months of full-time study, you can apply for an off-campus work permit.  Usually international centres at any given university conducts sessions about off-campus work permits twice a month.  Attendance is mandatory at one of these sessions if you are interested in applying for an off-campus work permit.

•As you approach graduation, you may consider working in Canada for up to three years through the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program.  This program has  no restrictions on the location or the type of employment, and no requirement that you have a job offer before applying.  

  

These government programs require particular documentation and application processes. Our legal partners will help you to understand and navigate the system offering  Immigration Help Sessions year round.