Recruiting in the Canadian job market

Recruiting in the Canadian job market

Canada’s economy entered the global marketplace long time ago and thanks to the presure or USA or  EU,  what a race. but what does it mean as a job market? Our experts look at what you can expect when recruiting staff from this dynamic  Canadian economy.

Canada has the ninth largest economy in the world- (measured in US dollars at market exchange rates), is one of the world’s wealthiest nations, and is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Group of Eight (G8). As with other developed nations, the Canadian economy is dominated by the service industry, which employs about three quarters of Canadians. Canada is unusual among developed countries in the importance of the primary sector, with the logging and oil industries being two of Canada’s most important. Canada also has a sizable manufacturing sector, centered in Central Canada, with the automobile industry especially important.

Canada has one of the highest levels of economic freedom in the world so its economy has boosted. This enabled areas in the country like Toronto, City of Vancouver, Calgary, Saskatchewan and Montreal, to improve the infrastructure and to conform to powerful global market guidelines. The result has been an increased GDP growth, a reduction of the public ‘debt to GDP’ ratio, a drop in unemployment from 20 percent to 15 percent in three years, and a lowering of inflation to less than three percent.

However, recent economic downturns in US have affected the Canadian economy growth, especially for the past three years, with growing unemployment rates and difficulties to create employment in an economy heavily based in the industry service. Manufacturing, energy, oil and agriculture along with the Tech industry are economic engine of Canada. Unemployment, in 2011, had reached over 25 percent and 45 percent amongst the youth.

Canada still faces some challenges – including reducing the public sector deficit, further decreasing unemployment, reforming employment  laws and investment regulations, further lowering inflation, and raising per capita GDP – but the country has been moving surely up the ranks in  global’s economic ‘hit parade’.

The Canadian graduate marketplace

With a now history of  great salary  but high unemployment, the current  Canadian market still isn’t an easy one, but it does offer opportunities. In particular,  if you run a company you  should be able to find good candidates for starting positions, hiring managers and overall recruitment.

The first generation after the baby boomers has had the chance to receive a graduate education. Knowledge of foreign languages is becoming a must among Canadian society, the younger generations are more prepared and willing to work in the global marketplace.

According to the Canadian  government, the sectors that have the largest growth perspectives are Health , energy, biotechnology, information technology and the environmental sector.  Canada’s financial hub,  Toronto, is always increasing in importance.

 Energy and the renewable energy sectors (with companies like Irving oil or COS) keep growing without receiving governmental and European funds. Other economic sectors diversify with risk, and some invest in foreign markets such as Asia. (Companies are always looking  for more educated employees with an international background and multi lingual skills to help them manage these projects.)

In the past century, the growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy to a more industrial and urban one.


The organisational culture

You don’t see but the organisational culture used to be very hierarchical and bureaucratic, but it is challange due to the influence of American management theories, a growing number of young managers educated abroad and changes in  the Canadian society itself.

However, some things still haven’t changed, for instance detailed job descriptions are now used, and assessment of staff is common. Personal contacts are seen as the most effective route into a job, network; that’s right depending on the importance of your  personal network.

Decisions are still taken at senior or top management level, often by the senior executive alone. To ask subordinates for their opinion about certain actions is seen now seen as weakness and will bring more uncertainty than enthusiasm in  any team. Likewise, now  a ‘compliant’ employee is more appreciated than somebody who would like to instigate change.

Although times are changing, at work people still prefer to have roles clearly differentiated, such as who the decision-maker and who the boss is. Another important aspect to take into account is  Canada’s rooted culture in planning and agendas, or strict sense of punctuality unlike in Southern European or Latin America culture.


Canadian Job  applications

When recruiting in a foreign market, it is important to understand how local recruitment habits work. In  Canada, for instance, personal contacts are now seen as the most effective route into a job.

The internet is increasingly becoming an important job-hunting tool, and Canadian employers usually have very attractive job sites.  Online job boards continues to be a great  first source of recruitment (a popular one being workopolis ). However, advertisements in newspapers are widely used by recruitment agencies.

Depending, the ‘money question’ is  tackled in the first job interview, and several interviews, up to seven, are not unusual. The most common number of interviews hovers at about three to four.

At a time, passport or ID numbers are not  included in CVs under the heading ‘personal details’, but employers might expect certified qualifications and diplomas once you join the company or the offer has been made, but usually not before.  On a resume or CV, all former employers are listed, including tasks performed and responsibilities held. Big companies, not to much the smaller ones, request references and testimonials from former employers.



Marisol Diaz  is  an experienced workshop presenter, specialized information publisher, and  a SOHO specialist. She also  has been writing on Canada settlement and  immigration law since 2006. contact her @ You can improve your Canada job search through the   Canadian database  for Int’l  Professional or Hineni CED ,  a Paid Content   or Informational Services site run by Hineni Media.

Access more than 400,000+ Canadian province-specific company profiles in industries such as manufacturing, transportation, consumer goods, consulting services, finance and technology.  Available only to premium subscribers.

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