Archive for July, 2009

Resources to find contracting work with Canadian companies

 If you’re looking for work in Canada, make sure you have the right skills. We’ll tell you which skills are in the greatest demand and show you where on our content site you can find information about local and provincial consulting work.

It wasn’t long ago that few countries had enough skilled IT workers, but no more. Just like Canadians, many citizens of both developed and undeveloped countries now view IT as their ticket to financial success.

But which skills are most in demand, and where can you find resources to help you locate work overseas? We’ll take a look in this article.

 Who’s in demand?

Contractors face stringent requirements for obtaining legal permission to work overseas. Like Canada, most countries issue work visas only to foreigners who possess skills in short supply in that country.

Generally, either you or your potential employer (or both) must demonstrate that you provide a skill not currently available in the local population or, for the US, or European Union countries, within the EU.

Fortunately, IT skills are in demand everywhere.

What it takes

According to www.workopolis.com, the following IT development skills are in top demand right now:

Java combined with C++
Perl/CGI Script/JavaScript/VBScript
XML/ASP
Oracle Financials
Oracle Developer/Designer 2000
SQL Server
Visual Basic/Visual C++
PeopleSoft applications
All CRM packages, especially Siebel and Oracle CRM
Systems administration skills include Windows NT and UNIX, while Axe 10, DMS, and SMA/SDH/SL are the hot telecom skills. If you possess these skills, you’re more likely to find a foreign company willing to go to bat for your work permit.

Web resources for finding work in Canada

Despite the obstacles you might face in securing a contract with a Canadian company, you may be able to land a contract if you’re willing to put in some research and be patient.  Sbuscribe to  our listing we publish several companies contact info and Web sites where you can find leads on contract work in Canada and additional information: www.hinenimedia.memberlodge.org

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Temporary foreign workers in crisis: Should they stay, or go?

Temporary foreign workers in crisis: Should they stay, or go?

Only citizens and permanent residents of Canada are entitled to work in Canada without any special document. Each year about 90,000 persons come into Canada to work in a temporary resident capacity.

The Temporary Foreign Worker program (TFW) allows employers to hire foreign workers to meet their human resource needs when Canadian workers are not readily available. The Program is jointly administered by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and Human Resources and Social Development Canada/Service Canada (HRSDC/SC), and operates under the authority of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and Regulations (IRPA).

The HRSDC/SC’s role with respect to the entry into Canada of temporary foreign workers is to provide employers and CIC with a Labour Market Opinion (LMO) which describes the impact the entry of a temporary foreign worker would have on the Canadian labour market. HRSDC/SC assesses employer requests against set criteria such as recruitment efforts for Canadian workers and confirms that wages and working conditions are consistent with those prevailing in Canada for the occupation. If HRSDC/SC confirms that there are not enough Canadian citizens or permanent residents available to fill the jobs, a positive LMO is issued. The foreign national can then proceed and apply to CIC for a work permit. Employers will still be required to first advertise for Canadian workers to ensure that Canadians and permanent residents are given the opportunity to apply for available positions. However, employers will only need to advertise on the Job Bank, Canada’s national job website for at least seven days, or conduct similar recruitment activities. For certain low-skilled occupations, employers have to satisfy both conditions. An employer seeking to hire a temporary foreign worker for an occupation which appears on a regional occupations list is still required to obtain an LMO from HRSDC/SC and will still need to satisfy all other Foreign Worker Program criteria (e.g. wages and working conditions) in order to receive a positive LMO (i.e. confirmation).

Canada’s temporary foreign worker program, until 2002, allowed only skilled workers, seasonal agricultural workers and live-in caregivers to come. As the economy was expanding in the late 1990s, several industries, particularly in Western Canada, started to voice concern about the difficulties of finding workers, and the federal government extended the program to low-skill workers. Since then, it has become increasingly easier to hire temporary foreign workers through an accelerated hiring procedure and a lengthening of the employment contract from 12 to 24 months. These changes substantially decreased the cost for employers to hire such workers relative to reaching for resident workers beyond the local market or through training. The policy changes had two consequences: The number of annual entries of temporary foreign workers increased exponentially since the new millennium (plus 41.6 per cent between 2000 and 2007), and entries shifted drastically toward lower skill levels. The proportion of temporary foreign workers who stated an occupation requiring less than secondary school or for which on-the-job training is provided increased by 120 per cent. When agricultural workers are excluded, the increase is 287 per cent. Meantime, the proportion of temporary foreign workers in occupations requiring university education plunged by 30 per cent.

The drastic slowdown in the economy will undoubtedly affect entries of these workers. But since the program is made up of different categories with different rules, the consequences for those already in Canada will be vastly different. University trained workers probably will not see much change, as most of them come through company job transfers. Seasonal agricultural workers also will be relatively unaffected as agricultural production is not likely to decrease as much as industrial production, and the activity is unlikely to become suddenly attractive to Canadian workers. But what about the medium-skill and low-skill workers who came to Canada under conditions very similar to the ones in place in European countries 40 years ago? Countries with “guest worker” programs in the 1960s and 1970s were highly criticized for not running proper immigration policy and solving their labour-market adjustment problems on the backs of workers from poorer countries. European countries terminated their temporary foreign worker programs for low-skill workers decades ago because of the unavoidable adverse consequences when economies slowed down.

 Is Canada going to solve its 21st- century unemployment problem on the backs of workers from poorer countries? If the Canadian program was indeed designed to avoid those failures by focusing on skilled workers, it is hard to see how it will not lead to the same consequences. Research is clear: Temporary foreign worker programs aimed at low-skilled workers rarely have positive outcomes for all parties involved. There is no win-win-win solution for workers, employers and sending countries. Germany ended up legalizing about one million temporary foreign workers who could not be persuaded to go home when they lost their jobs. In America, when the Bracero program initiated in 1942 by the U.S. and Mexico was terminated in 1964 because technology had replaced unskilled workers on California farms, more than one million stayed illegally. Switzerland had a provision for transition from temporary to permanent residency after some years of uninterrupted work, and most temporary foreign workers stayed under that scheme. Whether legally or not, such workers tend not to go home.

Some categories of temporary foreign workers in Canada have access to permanent residency – skilled workers and live-in caregivers. Provincial nominee programs allow them to apply for permanent residency within various periods of time. The vast majority of temporary foreign workers, particularly the least skilled, don’t have access to permanent residency. In 2007, according to Citizenship and Immigration Canada, 9.6 per cent (19,400 out of 201,100) of the foreign workers moved from temporary to permanent status. By bowing to pressure from employers who could not find unskilled workers locally despite a national unemployment rate of more than 10 per cent, the Canadian government implemented a flawed system. No economy grows forever, and people are not goods. People do not cross borders back and forth just as demand changes like cars. Yet, unskilled temporary foreign workers are expected to leave – because that’s what their contract says. Countless experiences in OECD countries show that responding to short-term labour needs with a policy with long-term consequences does not work. At the very least, every temporary foreign worker should have a chance to become a permanent resident, not just those landing in the right province in the right category. Some argue that letting employers choose who enters is against all the principles that have shaped Canada as an immigration country. That would call for closing a program that was bound to fail and for better designed education, training and permanent migration policies.

Original of Dominique Gross  a professor in the Graduate Public Policy Program at Simon Fraser University.

How to get a Job offer to work in Canada

The market is ripe for hiring and Canadian employers are realizing just how important immigrants are as a source of skilled labour. But it’s up to you to get that first Canadian job offer. That accomplished, your Canadian immigration application process and your settlement in Canada will be much smoother.

Work Permit – The quickest way to begin working in Canada is via a temporary Work Permit. We’re talking weeks, maybe even days, between the time you get the job offer and the time you can be living and working in Canada. As the name implies, these permits are issued for a specific period, but they are often renewable from inside Canada.

You have to apply for work in some of the job sites in Canada or register in a job reporting site then if an employer got interested in you, you may have a job offer right a way. Tell Canadian employers who you are and what you can do for them. Let them know that you’re keen to be a part of their organization. It’s not easy to get a job anywhere without being there in person but it depends on how much in demand your occupation is.

There are different ways of working in Canada such as

Permanent Employment:

In this type of position, the employee usually gets a package that involves base salary, health benefits and perhaps some other perks such as bonuses, company stock option plans, personal incentives, etc

Contract/Freelance Employment:
Usually entails being paid a fixed amount of money for a particular project with no additional benefits.This type of worker can be hired to address a particular problem that exists for a limited time, say several months and that contract worker must leave the company once the contract expires unless a new, longer-term contract is negotiated.

Part-time Employment:
In Canada, many jobs exist that offer occasional, weekend, evening, partial day or daily part-time employment.

Arranged Employment – This is a permanent job offer of indeterminate length made by a Canadian employer to a foreign national who intends to become a Canadian Permanent Resident. With this type of job offer, you will not be able to begin work until you receive your Canadian Permanent Resident Visa. However, your applications will receive priority processing in order to get you to Canada, and to your place of work, as soon as possible – in most cases in less than one year. What’s great about Arranged Employment is that the employer is not required to demonstrate that efforts were first made to hire Canadian workers.

Volunteering in Canada:
If you are studying or have the financial resources to dedicate a few weeks full-time or a few hours per week to volunteer with a not-for profit organization in Canada, that could pay enormously when you look for a job because of the following two reasons:

You will have proof of “Canadian Experience”
You will have demonstrated your concern for others and your willingness to help without expecting anything in return. Many employers in Canada will consider those who volunteer before those who do not.

Besides Work Permits and Arranged Employment, most Canadian provinces and territories have created immigration programs, specific to their needs, to recruit workers from abroad who intend to settle as Permanent Residents in a given province or territory. These Provincial Nomination Programs are also worthy of consideration as they offer expedited processing of foreign workers’ applications.
If you notice a delay or there is a drawback to Work Permits, it is that in some instances, the Canadian employer must first demonstrate that unsuccessful efforts were made to hire Canadian residents for the position being offered to the foreign worker. This can add some time to the Work Permit process. There are, however, many exemptions to this “Canadians first” requirement. To continue reading, register below or login

If you have any questions or comments about obtaining a Work Permit or applying for Arranged Employment or Provincial Nomination, you can contact one of our Canadian immigration experts. www.hinenimedia.memberlodge.org

Guest workers, migrant workers and seasonal foreign in Canada

“You shall not abuse a needy and destitute laborer, whether a fellow countryman or a stranger in one of the communities of your land.”  Deuteronomy 24:14

“Build your home in such a way that a stranger may feel happy in your midst.”  Theodor Herzl, August 6, 1896

Introduction

Guest workers are persons who typically travel (legally or illegally) to a country with much more preferred job prospects than the one in which they currently reside. In part because of the negative connotations associated with these terms in North America (US and Canada), it has been argued that these workers are brought in as cheap labour to fill jobs that might readily be filled domestically.

Most guest workers, migrant workers and seasonal foreign  work in Canadian farms. They are migrant farm workers.

Who are the Migrant Farm Workers in Canada?

 Migrant farm workers work in Canada during the prime agricultural season to help plant, maintain, harvest or process produce. Also known as seasonal agricultural workers, migrant farm labourers, temporary workers, or guest workers, migrant farm workers may be here for up to eight months a year working up to seven days a week. Many return year after year, in some cases for over 20 years.

 As of 2003, Canada welcomed over 18,000 migrant farm workers, with 94% hosted by Ontario. Currently workers come from Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Grenada, Antigua, Dominica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Montserrat and Mexico.

 These workers generally work and live on one farm throughout their stay. The majority of the workers are male, and all of them have wives or dependent families in their home countries who do not travel here with them but who depend on the money they send home from Canada.

All migrant workers will have to fill out a questionnaire and undergo a physical examination and fever check by two doctors before being cleared for departure to Canada. Seasonal workers from Mexico are critical to portions of Manitoba’s agriculture industry.

Many migrant workers are part of the Canadian Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (CSAWP), a Canadian federal program that brings migrant workers from Mexico, Guatemala, and the Caribbean to work in the agricultural sector every summer.

The CSAWP began as a pilot project with Jamaica in 1966, when 264 Jamaican workers came to Ontario to harvest tobacco. The first Mexican workers arrived in Canada in 1974 after Mexico and Canada signed a memorandum of understanding.

The Mexican government plays a double role in this arrangement: it makes sure the program works smoothly, and it also functions as the representative of migrant agricultural Mexican workers in Canada.

For Caribbean workers, the program is run jointly with the governments of the participating Caribbean states, which recruit workers and appoint representatives in Canada to assist in the program’s operations. Workers come from Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (Grenada, Antigua, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Monserrat).

For Guatemalan workers, the project was established in 2003 through an agreement with FERME (Foundation of Recruiting Enterprises of Foreign Agricultural Labor), which also lobbies the Canadian government for Canadian farm owners, under the supervision of the Department of Human Resources Development of Canada.

According to the Canadian United Farm and Commercial Workers Union (UFCW), 20,274 migrant workers came to Canada in 2005: 11,798 came from Mexico and 5,916 from Jamaica; the rest came from Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). In 2004, fewer than three per cent of participants in this program were women. In 2009, the number of migrant workers in Canada is expected to be over 156,000.

The temporary workers visa allows them to work only on a specified farm and for a limited period of time. Mexicans and Jamaicans can stay for a maximum of eight months.

Temporary Foreign Worker (TFW) in Canada

Notice: Effective April 27, 2009, employers who wish to retain a Temporary Foreign Worker (TFW) beyond the term of their current work permit must apply for a NEW LMO at least four months before the permit expires. Service Canada no longer issues Extensions to a Labour Market Opinion (LMO).

To learn more about this change and what it means for employers and TFWs, click on the following link: Temporary Foreign Worker Program – What’s New.

Applying as a temporary foreign worker

The Temporary Foreign Worker (TFW) Program is administered by two federal government departments, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (Service Canada) and Citizenship and Immigration Canada. The TFW Program provides an opportunity for:

  • Foreign workers to work in Canada temporarily.
  • Canadian employers to address short-term labour shortages by temporarily hiring foreign workers.

In most cases, non-Canadian citizens or permanent residents require work permits from Citizenship and Immigration Canada before working. Temporary foreign workers from certain countries must also obtain a temporary resident visa before arriving in Canada. See Citizenship and Immigration Canada’s website for information on who is eligible to receive a work permit and how to apply.

As a temporary foreign worker, your employer has a role in the application process. Before you receive a work permit, your Alberta employer may have to obtain a Labour Market Opinion (LMO – an approval to hire a foreign worker) from the federal government. Once your employer sends an LMO to you along with an offer of employment, you can apply for a work permit at the designated Canadian visa office.

Some foreign workers can be admitted to work in Canada without their employer having to obtain an LMO. Citizenship and Immigration Canada determines whether an occupation falls under this category.

Arriving: Information for temporary foreign workers in Alberta

The Citizenship and Immigration Canada website includes some information to help temporary foreign workers arriving in Canada. For example, there are some documents that you may need when you enter and work in Canada.

As a temporary foreign worker, your employer is responsible for making sure that you are covered by medical and health insurance and worker’s compensation when you arrive in Canada.

All workers, including temporary foreign workers, are covered by provincial Employment Standards. In general, occupations in Alberta are covered by Occupational Health and Safety legislation (some exceptions are farm workers, housekeepers and nannies). Visit the Canada Immigration website for further information or www.hinenimedia.memberlodge.org for services .

How to find a job in Canada

To find a job in Canada, you need to understand the work search process. There are four steps in this process:

Step 1: Identify the skills you have and the skills you may need to develop

  • Employers look for personal and transferable skills such as attitude, ability to get along well with other workers, dependability, problem-solving skills and organizational skills, as well as the technical skills required for specific types of work.
     
  • If you have professional or trade qualifications, find out if your credentials are recognized in Canada .
     
  • If you do not speak English fluently, arrange to take an English as a Second Language (ESL) class .

Step 2: Identify employers who may need someone who has skills like yours

  • Not all, but certain  job openings are advertised or listed atCanadian Employment and Immigration service sites.
     
  • As you go about your daily living, contact companies on the kind of work you want to find or if you are already in Canada  discuss your work search with counsellors at immigrant-serving agencies or people in your English as a Second Language class, as well as your relatives, friends and neighbours. If they do not know where you might find suitable work opportunities, ask them to refer you to others who might know.
     
  • Read about provincial ‘s industries and fields of employment .
     
  • Look in the Classified and Careers sections of local newspapers for job advertisements.
     

Step 3: Gather the information you will need to apply for work

  • Employers will expect you to fill in an application form or give them a prepared resumé. A resumé is a short, typed summary of your qualifications and work experience.

Step 4: Present your qualifications to employers

  • When you respond to a job advertisement, follow the instructions in the ad.
     
  • Employers usually invite only the most qualified applicants for an interview. During the interview, applicants are expected to provide more information about how their qualifications and experience relate to job requirements.

For more information and ready-made samples about completing application forms, preparing resumés and making a good impression in an interview register at.

How to find a Job in Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall is actively seeking out landed Canadian immigrants, whose skills are underutilized in their current occupations, to inform them about the work opportunities available in his province.

If you wish to work in Canada and you are not a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident, you will need to be authorized to do so.  In most situations, you will need a work permit.  For more information on who is eligible and how to apply for a temporary work permit, visit the Citizenship and Immigration Canada website.

Working in a healthy and safe way is an important part of workplace culture in Saskatchewan and within Canada.  About 90 per cent of jobs in Saskatchewan are covered by a provincial law called The Occupational Health and Safety Act.  Health and Safety at Work explains important information about the act and describes what you need to know and what you need to do to stay healthy and safe at work.  It also describes your rights and responsibilities as an employee in Saskatchewan.

Premier Wall hopes to recruit these newcomers to Saskatchewan.  There, their academic credentials and work experience can be put to better use.  There are 10,000 newly created jobs in Saskatchewan in every industry from high-tech to health care, construction to the oil patch.  Saskatchewan is a second chance for these newcomers to gain meaningful Canadian employment in their fields.

Saskatchewan cities, such as Saskatoon and Regina, are not often considered as an immigration destination, partly because they are not as well known as Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver, and also because they do not have the same sort of immigrant communities.  The province is seeking to rectify this through promotion and education.  It is in great need of newcomers in order to grow its labour force and population. 

Advantages to live and work in Saskatchewan:

1. Saskatchewan will in at least five years (if not already) be known as a province equally as prosperous as Alberta. For many reasons, such as that Sask has a slightly more diverse portfolio of natural resources, which are the future of Canada’s economy.

2. The province is not nearly as heavily oil dependent, but furthermore control the world’s market supply of uranium (which, whether we like it or not is the Fed’s short-term resolution for a “green” shift), along with an abundance of potash, and wheat.

3. Saskatchewan has a  great, wide open space, fresh air, and quiet laid back atmosphere.

4.Saskatoon – one of its cities is often described as one of the prettiest and best planned cities in Canada.

5.Jobs are mostly in retail sales and more part-time temporary work. Unemployment is down but many families I know are working 2 jobs each to pay for increasing living costs.

6. Saskatchewan have one of the most diversified economies in the country, a laid-back atmosphere and reasonable cost of living . Also has a thriving high-tech sector, particularly in Saskatoon with some research facilities that are unique in Canada. And a good cultural scene to boot.

7. While there are not mountains, and beautiful warm weather the year round, the prairies are beautiful scenary in free, horizonless way. The sunsets are increadible, the summers are warm, relaxing and fun.

8. What’s so great about Saskatchewan? short commutes, lakes, parks, friendly communities, safe schools, wide open spaces!

Downside.  the weather, second week of March and its -35C with the windchill -40C. Its a long, dark, cold winter and it really wears on people after a while. Summers are nice but way to short. Recently extremely windy. in general the winters are really not bad if you dress well and/or keep moving, it will be ok thats all.

STEPS in your Saskatchewan job search

  1. Job search skills: Your first step is to have a plan. By knowing where to go and what to do you will achieve your goal.
  2. Resumé, cover letter, application forms: These are your basic “tools” to tell employers the skills and experience that you can offer.
  3. Where to find jobs openings: Now that you’re ready you need to find an employer who’s ready to hire you. Get in touch with Canadian companies advertising employment opportunities.
  4. Job interview: Meeting your potential employer for the first time is the crucial moment. Work experience, language and culture all play a part in this one-on-one meeting.

If you’re looking for internships or volunteer work in Saskatchewan, CAN – or even want to get a seasaonl job, you’ve come to the right place! With over 10,000 info around the county, chances are that Hineni has the right job lead info for you and wants to be your only source for finding internships and volunteer positions in Saskatchewan, CAN.

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